MIT Rocket Scientist: White House Claims on Syria Chemical Attack “Cannot Be True”

One of the world’s leading rocket scientists, national security advisor and MIT Professor Theodore Postol, who has won awards for debunking claims about missile defense systems and has been a scientific adviser to the US Chief of Naval Operations, says today in a nine-page report that a four-page report released by the Trump administration yesterday intended to blame the recent chemical attack in Syria on the Syrian government “does not provide any evidence whatsoever that the US government has concrete knowledge that the government of Syria was the source of the chemical attack”.

Postol notes the “only source the document cites as evidence that the attack was by the Syrian government is the crater” left by a munition.

Postol located the crater via satellite and examined it himself, concluding it reveals “absolutely no evidence that the crater was created by a munition designed to disperse sarin after it is dropped from an aircraft”.

The “data cited by the White House”, he says, “is more consistent with the possibility that the munition was placed on the ground rather than dropped from a plane.”  He says the evidence indicates that a tube of chemical agent was placed on the ground in the al Qaeda held area and then an explosive was placed on top of that and detonated, dispersing the chemical agent.

Trump’s claim that a chemical weapon was dropped from a plane is “erroneous”, and “no competent analyst” could avoid that conclusion.

Regarding a similar chemical attack in 2013, Postol notes the “Obama White House also issued an intelligence report containing obvious inaccuracies” (which are detailed in the report).  While Obama initially blamed Assad for the attack, he received a briefing casting doubt on Assad’s guilt and, unlike Trump, refrained from launching an illegal attack at that time (though he continued illegally supporting proxy forces).

Postol notes that both the initial report blaming Assad made by the Obama White House and the one today by the Trump White House are “obviously false, misleading and amateurish” and may reflect politicization, similar, says Postol, to the way the W. Bush administration politicized ‘intelligence’ that was used to falsely claim ‘certainty’ that Saddam Husssein was stockpiling WMD in Iraq.

Award-winning journalist Robert Parry has noted evidence that Trump, like W. Bush, is simply excluding from meetings people he knows have information he doesn’t want to hear.

Postol concludes his report by noting this is a “very serious matter” and “what the country is now being told by the White House cannot be true” (emphasis in original).

Robert Parry today notes he has received reports that the chemical attack in question may have been carried out with assistance from a “Saudi-Israeli special operations base for supporting Syrian rebels” with the intention of creating “an incident that would reverse the Trump administration’s announcement in late March that it was no longer seeking the removal of President Bashar al-Assad.”  Overthrowing Assad is longstanding US policy.  US attempts to conquer Syria date to 1949.

Parry adds this Saudi/Israeli operation, if it is indeed what took place, has been “successful, since the Trump administration has now reversed itself and is pressing Russia to join in ousting Assad, who is getting blamed for the latest chemical-weapons incident.”

Thanks to Chris Kabusk for providing Postol’s full statement.  Postol’s report includes the text of Trump’s report and quotes from the Trump White House as an appendix, bringing Postol’s full paper to 14 pages.  

Robert J. Barsocchini is an independent researcher and reporter whose interest in propaganda and global force dynamics arose from working as a cross-cultural intermediary for large corporations in the US film and Television industry.  His work has been cited, published, or followed by numerous professors, economists, lawyers, military and intelligence veterans, and journalists.  He begins work on a Master’s Degree in American Studies in the fall.

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  • Eric Zuesse

    Thanks, Robert, for providing Postal’s paper — much appreciated!!

  • ICFubar

    What was needed and still is, is an through investigation by non partisan scientists and then those who committed this barbarous act labelled as war criminals and brought to justice in a public Syrian court hearing. We all owe a note of gratitude to Professor Postol for having the courage to submit his findings to the public sphere.

    • Army of Addicts

      Which barbarous act, the chemical attack or the missile shower that followed?

      • ICFubar

        Good point! Whoever committed the act of having and-or allowing for the release of the gas that killed the civilians in the immediate area and those complicit with the act. The missile attack was of course another crime based inside the greater crime of conducting war against the Syrian people and nation.

  • Marko

    “Robert Parry today notes he has received reports that the chemical attack in question may have been carried out with assistance from a “Saudi-Israeli special operations base for supporting Syrian rebels” ”

    If the source of those reports has documentary evidence , it would do the world a whole lot of good if it could be leaked to Wikileaks and then exposed to the public.

  • feistychic

    When it all comes to light, I believe evidence will say that Putin is responsible for that gassing of the Syrian people as a smoke screen for Cheeto’s treason investigation.

  • DDTea

    Ugh, I get it. He’s an MIT professor, so he’s speaking the true and irrefutable word of God. Except he isn’t, and we can smell what he’s standing in. Don’t be a useful idiot. Just because someone questions “the official story” doesn’t mean they’re telling the truth. Let me break this down.

    Nerve agent was absolutely used in this attack, and the video footage is fully consistent with symptoms we’d expect from nerve agent poisoning.[1] We are estimating between 10 kg – 100 kg of Sarin was used in this incident. [2,3,4]

    The higher range of the scale is favored because 1) based on eyewitness reports of odors, the Sarin was impure (typical of binary Sarin); 2) the heat of the explosion will degrade some of the Sarin; 3) some of the Sarin will be entrained in the crater and its ejecta (the soil plume).

    These losses of Sarin will be exacerbated by placing a charge (estimated between 5-10 kg to account for the crater size), [5] and the fact that a 122 mm rocket carries a warhead of only ~20 kg. 20 kg is, of course, within the calculated range of Sarin–but not after considering all the losses of Sarin due to the absurd dispersal method. Such a setup simply wouldn’t have caused the number of casualties we observed, based on Khan Shaykhun’s population density, unless all these people were somehow crowded around the device.

    So where’s the rest of the bomb? Sarin bombs, like the US MC-1 weteye or the Mk94, contain 100 kg and 49 kg of Sarin and 7.3 kg and 27 kg burster charges, respectively. Moreover, Assad is known to possess aircraft bombs for delivering Sarin. [6] Presumably, they would operate the same way: the burster charge is necessary to convert the liquid sarin (which is 1/3 as volatile as water) into aerosols and vapors–otherwise it will just splash down in a big puddle. That would be lethal in the immediate area, but not an effective means of dispersal.

    That burster charge is expected to scatter shrapnel over a reasonably wide field–within 200 or 300 yards. 5 kg of TNT is enough to turn a car into flying pieces of debris. [7] So it’s by sheer luck and the chaos of explosions that this one sliver of the bomb remains in the crater.

    In conclusion, Ted Postol’s claims are superfluous and disagree with physical evidence; what is known about Syria’s chemical weapons program; the chemistry of Sarin; eyewitness testimony that the device was dropped by an aircraft; and confirmation from the US, Russia, and Syria that an air raid took place at the same time that this attack happened.

    And for perspective, let’s also recall that this claim conflicts with Assad and Putin’s earlier statement that a chemical weapons warehouse was bombed. This was equally implausible for other reasons–specifically, that unitary Sarin has a short shelf life; and that the binary components of Sarin, more appropriate for long term storage, would ignite if hit with a bomb rather than mix to form Sarin. Just a few days ago, Assad said the whole thing was fake and no attack actually happened.

    Do you know what this sounds like? Rumsfeld in 2003 saying, “We know where they [Iraq’s WMD] are. They’re in the area around Tikrit and Baghdad and east, west, south, and north somewhat….” Changing his story as he went, when the US had pushed all the way to Baghdad without finding any chemical weapons programs.

    If you want to be fools again for the sake of antagonizing “the mainstream media,” go right ahead. Just know that you’re fools.

    REFERENCES AND NOTES:

    [1] Siddell, Frederick R. The Medical Aspects of Chemical Defense, Ch. 5: Nerve Agents.
    [2] “Terrorism, Asymmetric Warfare, and Chemical Weapons,” Anthony H. Courdesman, published by Center for Strategic and International Studies, Feb. 14, 2001.
    [3] Relevant passage cites a Dept. of Defense model: “Releasing ten kilograms (22 pounds) of sarin into the open air under favorable weather conditions covers about one-hundredth of a square kilometer with lethal effects. Since population densities in U.S. urban areas are typically around 5,000 people per square kilometer, such an attack would kill about 50 people.
    Releasing 100 kilograms (220 pounds) of sarin into the open air affects about ten times as much area and therefore would kill approximately 500 people. Releasing 1,000 kilograms (2,200 pounds) into the open air would cover several square kilometers, killing about 10,000 people. ”
    [4] Note: According to the wikipedia entry on Khan Shaykhoun (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khan_Shaykhun), the city has a population of around 49,000 [4]. According to Google Maps, the city is about 10 km^2.
    [5] http://www.cimec.org.ar/ojs/index.php/mc/article/viewFile/713/675
    [6] “Syria subsequently admitted building an additional 2,000 aerial bombs for Sarin and VX. ” from
    https://foreignpolicy.com/2016/09/16/chemical-weapons-watchdog-continues-hunt-for-syrias-elusive-nerve-agent/
    [7] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zhTiRYwJqHY

    • Marko

      ” Nerve agent was absolutely used…”

      That part I agree with , but it doesn’t serve to implicate one side or the other , and it also doesn’t mean all victims impacted by toxic gases were hit by sarin.

      ” That burster charge is expected to scatter shrapnel over a reasonably wide field–within 200 or 300 yards. 5 kg of TNT is enough to turn a car into flying pieces of debris. [7] So it’s by sheer luck and the chaos of explosions that this one sliver of the bomb remains in the crater. ”

      You’re talking about an impact site that hasn’t been discovered. We have one that is cited as the likely culprit for the sarin attack , with an embarrassingly small crater , and almost all of it’s debris is within 2-3 yards , not 200-300.

      “…what is known about Syria’s chemical weapons program; the chemistry of Sarin; eyewitness testimony that the device was dropped by an aircraft ”

      We know that either Assad or the rebels could have had sarin with about equal certainty. The chemistry of sarin is the same for both , absent additional evidence. Eyewitness testimony from rebels , crisis actors , and White Hellmutts is worthless , and that’s all you got. Eyewitnesses in Aleppo claim to be able to HEAR the difference , in the AIR , between a bomb with gas vs one without. I don’t believe this has been considered relevant , much less dispositive , by any neutral arbitrator.

      “…confirmation from the US, Russia, and Syria that an air raid took place at the same time that this attack happened. ”

      Whoa. There were two “attacks” , separated by ~ 5 hours. Neither Russia nor Syria concede that an “air raid” took place for the earlier of the two , but do concede they dropped 4 bombs in the latter event. Victims first started showing up almost coincident with the early event.

      “…this claim conflicts with Assad and Putin’s earlier statement that a chemical weapons warehouse was bombed. This was equally implausible for other reasons–specifically, that unitary Sarin has a short shelf life; and that the binary components of Sarin, more appropriate for long term storage, would ignite if hit with a bomb rather than mix to form Sarin. ”

      Look , in the latter event , in which four bombs were dropped , warehouses may or may not have been hit. If one or more was hit , that warehouse may have contained any one or any combination of chemicals that the rebels would reasonably have had access to , including sarin ( binary , unitary , or both ) , or chemicals ( like e.g. , agricultural ) which just happened to be there from the pre-headchopper days.

      Unitary sarin has a RELATIVELY short shelf life. That means relative to the binary components , which last forever. Even crummy sarin has shelf lives in weeks-to-months. If the rebels were expecting a big day on the 4th , and there’s some good reasons to suspect they did , it would have been a simple matter to whip up some unitary sarin , in multiple containers , and spread it around the warehouses.

      OF COURSE binary components would ignite if hit DIRECTLY with a bomb. ” Components ” of almost anything will do the same. But bombs are not warehouse-sized , in fact they’re usually much , much smaller than a warehouse. So , at one end of the warehouse , where the bomb hits , almost everything goes “poof”. At the other end of the warehouse , every container may remain intact – pristine even. In between are a myriad of possibilities , including that containers are merely punctured by small shrapnel , leaking their contents into that concrete drainage trough – you know , the one that’s always been plugged up and never really drains. Et voila ! Unitary sarin !

      You don’t have a firm case , and you know it. Neither do I. I believe the way I do because of history. In my lifetime , my country has never gone to war without a pretext – lies upon lies , false-flags upon false-flags. I’m taking the safe bet here.

      We need a full , independent and international investigation , but the rebels won’t allow it to happen. They’ve been told that if they do , the paychecks stop rolling in. What would you do ?

      • DDTea

        So the rebels have such easy access to Sarin that they can whip it up on demand, but they’re only willing to use it in false flag attacks on themselves. They have no shame about beheading child soldiers, murdering civilians, etc.: they post their atrocities on the internet. They show off all their latest homemade artillery guns firing indiscriminately. But somehow they’re shy about chemical weapons.

        After the tremendous failure of their supposed false flag attack in Ghouta in 2013, in which no intervention resulted after they gassed their own families and soldiers; after the world silently and passively witnessed the siege and thermobaric destruction of Aleppo; after collecting literally 3 tons of documents for war crimes tribunals against the Assad regime–somehow, this time the rebels thought it would be different. If they *just gassed themselves one more time*–in spite of a US president willing to accept the “political reality” of Assad’s continued leadership and trying to reset relations with Russia–then they might get their game-changing intervention. Do you honestly believe that? Because I don’t.

        It’s by sheer luck that they got a one-off missile strike–I doubt anybody expected it. This after most US bombings in Syria have been to Assad’s favor: destroying ISIS forces in Eastern Homs to enable SAA advances through Palmyra; wiping out ISIS positions in Deir Ez-Zor; assassinating Nusra/JFS/HTS leaders in Idlib, etc. I recall one rebel commander saying, “When the US intervention finally came, it was to help Assad!”

        Acquiring Sarin is not trivial, and there is a reason only a single non-state actor (Aum Shinrikyo) was able to do so. ISIS is one of the most technically advanced non-state group in the region. They manufacture their own drones, anti-tank weapons, artillery pieces. They have numerous chemical engineers and scientists in their ranks. They have deployed chlorine and mustard, but they’ve not been able to manufacture Sarin yet. But no ISIS Sarin yet. Interesting isn’t that? Do you wonder why that is? Because it requires tightly regulated chemicals with export controls and some specialized equipment. It’s simple to make on a lab scale, but process scale is a whole other animal. So I strongly disagree that there is an equal probability that the rebels or the regime may have Sarin–especially when considering the regime had one of the most advanced chemical warfare programs in the world, and is suspected of failing to declare some 700 tons of its stockpile to the OPCW.

        If a bomb hit, and magically mixed binary components in a warehouse, then it would be a rather contained disaster. It also raises the question of where exactly this warehouse is. Why hasn’t either Russia or Assad provided aerial photos of it? Not even drone footage? Cleaning up such a chemical disaster is not going to be a simple operation–a structurally unsound building, a fire, and ultra toxic nerve agent would be a nightmare undertaking even in a developed country at peacetime. “The Jihadis covered it up!” OK, where’s the ant trail of Jihadi HAZMAT teams rushing in to cleanup? This could be easily photographed by aircraft, drone, or satellite–and I doubt Russia would miss such a golden opportunity to vindicate themselves and villify the rebels. There is literally zero evidence in favor of this claim. Little surprise that neither Russia or Assad or their army of trolls is saying anything about it anymore.

        Now everyone’s talking about this metal pipe with a bomb on it. That crater, by the way, is plenty large. It’s in good agreement with the expected size of a burster charge. And the only remains of the device seem to be a piece of metal and filling valve in the crater–I’d hardly say “the majority” of the pieces were within 2-3 yards. That simply can’t be deduced from available footage.

        Postol’s theory is not self-contained. He claims that this metal tube was filled with Sarin, but it’s obviously not enough Sarin to cause the observed number of casualties. And we’re left puzzling how an explosive charge can somehow 1) create that crater, 2) leave the pipe intact, and 3) efficiently disperse such a small amount of Sarin. So we’re forced to envision scenarios in which Sarin was dispersed in some other way *in addition* to this pipe-and-bomb contraption. Or the casualties were caused by some other, unspecified means. It’s a rabbit hole to nowhere.

        • Marko

          I don’t have the time or energy to dissect this tonite , but I will tomorrow , when I’m sure I’ll find I vastly overestimated both the time and the energy required to do so.

          You’re reaching even more than in your first post. You’re gonna dislocate something if you’re not careful.

          I admitted that I can’t say with certainty who’s responsible , and I was merely placing a bet , but for some reason , you’re unwilling to do the same.
          For some reason , this has to be settled now , before any investigation. I find that curious , in the extreme.

        • Carl_Herman

          Let’s take a big step back, DDTea: do you agree that the US armed attacks, invasions, occupations are Orwellian unlawful?

          That’s one of the starting context questions within which to view a single incident.

          If you’re not sure about war law, crystal clear in letter and context that armed attack is unlawful in all cases except a narrow definition of “self-defense” from attack by another nation’s government: http://www.washingtonsblog.com/2016/11/fake-news-time-choose-corporate-media-fakes-us-wars-arent-even-close-lawful-orwellian-illegal-wars-aggression-1-14.html

          • Carl_Herman

            Well, DDTea? Are you going to answer this essential question: do you agree that the US armed attacks, invasions, occupations are Orwellian unlawful?

            That’s one of the starting context questions within which to view a single incident.

        • Marko

          “ So the rebels have such easy access to Sarin that they can whip it up on demand, but they’re only willing to use it in false flag attacks on themselves……..somehow they’re shy about chemical weapons.”

          They don’t use it on themselves. No rebels were reported killed by sarin in this attack. The big money is in false flags that can be blamed on Assad. They have easy access to sarin , technical assistance , and wads of cash any time there is a good opportunity to do that.

          Now , flipping it around , you say Assad has such easy access to Sarin that he can whip it up on demand, but then why does he only choose to use it at the precise times when it’s most damaging to himself , e.g. , he calls in the U.N investigative team to look into the spring 2013 sarin attacks , and in August while they’re on the ground nearby , he launches the Ghouta attacks. Must be one of those “ Stop me before I kill again ! “ things , I guess.

          “ …If they *just gassed themselves one more time*–in spite of a US president willing to accept the “political reality” of Assad’s continued leadership and trying to reset relations with Russia–then they might get their game-changing intervention. Do you honestly believe that? Because I don’t.”

          Huh ? This was the closest they’ve come to instigating a full-scale intervention yet. Sixty cruise missiles ain’t bad , and the rebels were all happy as clams that night. Besides – and try to get this – it’s not about what the rebels think , or their strategy , or their vision for Syria , OK ? It’s about what their paymasters want , and the highest-paying paymaster rules.

          “ It’s by sheer luck that they got a one-off missile strike–I doubt anybody expected it. “

          Sheer luck for the rebels ? Meaning what , that this false-flag was planned and was going to happen whether the Syrians bombed a target in the area or not ? Well , I’ll defer on that one , since you may have better sources , but , in any case , they did get lucky. Syria planned the bombing run and gave the U.S. advance notice , which means the rebels had advance notice.

          “ Acquiring Sarin is not trivial, and there is a reason only a single non-state actor (Aum Shinrikyo) was able to do so……the ( Assad ) regime had one of the most advanced chemical warfare programs in the world, and is suspected of failing to declare some 700 tons of its stockpile to the OPCW. “

          We’re not talking about only non-state actors , we’re talking about non-state actors vigorously assisted by state actors. The ratline from Libya ( via Benghazi ) thru Turkey and into Syria fed at least some Gaddafi’s CW stockpile into Syrian head-chopper’s hands , including sarin precursors. And , as you say , Assad’s program was huge. His stockpile , before its supposed destruction , was dispersed over many sites in a country that was overrun by foreign terrorists of every stripe ( aka moderate rebels ). How likely is it that Assad had solid control over every CW site ? Even after the destruction of his CW stock , let’s say 5% was missed. If it was 1400 tons as claimed , that’s 70 tons still floating around , a large bulk of it being sarin precursors. So whether it’s 70 , or 700 as your figure from Curveball v2.0 suggests , it’s an awful lot of material that’s available to be horse-traded around the country. In other words , at the right price , acquiring sarin precursors – if not unitary sarin – IS trivial in Syria.

          “ If a bomb hit, and magically mixed binary components in a warehouse, then it would be a rather contained disaster. It also raises the question of where exactly this warehouse is. Why hasn’t either Russia or Assad provided aerial photos of it?….Cleaning up such a chemical disaster is not going to be a simple operation…….where’s the ant trail of Jihadi HAZMAT teams rushing in to cleanup? This could be easily photographed by aircraft, drone, or satellite–and I doubt Russia would miss such a golden opportunity to vindicate themselves and villify the rebels.”

          This whole event was a rather contained disaster. We’re talking about 100 fatalities , not thousands. Most of those came before the Syria bombing run even started according to all the reports , so the early-morning sarin story is the crux of the issue , and even so , when you look at that pothole ,“ contained” is an understatement. The warehouse bombings can only explain a minority of casualties , but may explain such things as reports of “bleach smells” and “rotten food smells” as well as some respiratory casualties that don’t fall into the morning sarin time-frame.

          Still , the question of where the Jihadi Hazmat teams are is relevant. I mean , they suspected nerve agent was used , right ? Shouldn’t they have been all decked out ? They’ve all been CW- trained , by the U.S. , in fact. How did they know this wasn’t an even more dangerous VX attack ?

          I suspect Russia does have some revealing drone footage , that will be revealed in the investigation that won’t happen because the rebels would mount the investigators’ heads on pikes , and then upload the video , which would go viral. Russia – and Syria – would be stupid to reveal everything they knew early on , giving the rebel production crew an opportunity to adjust their narrative.

          Some good investigative reporting could tell us a lot , too , but any credible reporters that got close to the site would no doubt be kidnapped , judging from the past history of Dr. Pinpoint Pupils.

          “Postol’s theory is not self-contained. He claims that this metal tube was filled with Sarin, but it’s obviously not enough Sarin to cause the observed number of casualties…..So we’re forced to envision scenarios in which Sarin was dispersed in some other way *in addition* to this pipe-and-bomb contraption. Or the casualties were caused by some other, unspecified means. It’s a rabbit hole to nowhere.”

          Nowhere a professional like Dr.Postol would care to go , I’d imagine. I suspect you may be right about there not being enough sarin in that pipe to do the job , though we don’t know how far it extends into the ground , so we can’t really say anything with certainty about its length and capacity. Still , I have my doubts about the importance of the pipe/pothole in this event. I suspect the rabbit hole is exactly where we need to look , and the available previous videos of the rebels working with rabbits may provide us a clue.

          BTW , here’s a couple videos claiming to show the Syrian bombing run , by a resident ( who seems to have a walkie-talkie squawking in the background ) who “just happened” to be taking video of the countryside – from a perfect vantage point – at the time :
          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MYOMEDK_uVs
          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DWvDisOxJi0

          • Marko

            Just one more :

            “…after collecting literally 3 tons of documents for war crimes tribunals against the Assad regime…”

            I knew I had seen a prime example of this kind of gov’t hyperbole before , but couldn’t put my finger on it. Then it came to me :

            SECRETARY OF STATE COLIN POWELL: One of the most worrisome things that emerges from the thick intelligence file we have on Iraq’s biological weapons is the existence of mobile production facilities used to make biological agents.

            https://www.democracynow.org/2013/2/6/decade_after_iraq_wmd_speech_at

    • Pluto

      Theodore Postol is Professor of Science, Technology and National Security Policy in the Program in Science, Technology, and Society at MIT. He did his undergraduate work in physics and his graduate work in nuclear engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After receiving his Ph.D., Dr. Postol joined the staff of Argonne National Laboratory, where he studied the microscopic dynamics and structure of liquids and disordered solids using neutron, x-ray and light scattering, along with computer molecular dynamics techniques. Subsequently he went to the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment to study methods of basing the MX Missile, and later worked as a scientific adviser to the Chief of Naval Operations. After leaving the Pentagon, Dr. Postol helped to build a program at Stanford University to train mid-career scientists to study developments in weapons technology of relevance to defense and arms control policy. In 1990 Dr. Postol was awarded the Leo Szilard Prize from the American Physical Society. In 1995 he received the Hilliard Roderick Prize from the American Association for the Advancement of Science and in 2001 he received the Norbert Wiener Award from Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility for uncovering numerous and important false claims about missile defenses.

  • Pluto

    Dr. Postol has since published an illuminating addendum. A must read for the intellectually honest:

    http://husseini.posthaven.com/ted-postol-updated-assessment-of-us-gov-claims-regarding-the-khan-shaykhun-syria

    Here, he has started asking salient questions. He also discusses the fact that the 2013 gas attack was also a false flag. At that time, Assad shed his chemical weapons stockpiles at the urging of Russia. Russia turned those weapons over to the US for alleged disposal.

    Dr. Postol discusses the 2013 false flag and the fact that the American people were never informed of the truth by then SoS, John Kerry. I bring this up only to remind you that this information will likely never be discussed in a US newspaper. It almost certainly will be reported in the UK and the rest of the world. It is also unlikely the UN findings will ever appear in the US.

    The implications, however, are grave for the American people. The rest of the world will know the US President is being fed false information and they will surely suspect that there has been a coup. Other powers appear to be at the helm.

    Regarding the UN investigations, which have been ongoing since day one. They report to the UN and directly to the UN Security Council. The investigation is still underway. You can keep up with it here:

    https://www.opcw.org

  • Roger McTavish

    I’m not an international relations expert, but I find it hard to believe that the Israelis would work with the Saudis on anything. Their wahabism is the reason for all these terrorists today.