The Web: Destroyer or Savior of Culture, Pay and Employment?

The cost of creating and distributing content has fallen to near-zero, and that is not going away.

Last month I explored the contentious question, Is the Web Destroying the Cultural Economy? In my recent video discussion with analyst Gordon T. Long, we expanded this question to pay (earned income) and jobs, i.e. is the Web eroding pay and jobs?

I also discussed these issues with Mike Swanson of Wall Street Window in a podcast Is The Web Destroying the Cultural Economy? An historian by training, Mike is well-placed to put these issues in a larger context.

There are several key dynamics at work. One is the democratization of expression and journalism unleashed by the Web has eroded the industrial meritocracy of gatekeepers and vertically integrated content-media corporations: music labels, publishers, newspapers, etc.

The web has enabled virtually anyone with Internet access to create a nearly-free global distribution network–what I have termed 800 Million Channels of Me(February 21, 2011). This blog is obviously one of those millions of globally distributed channels.

Critics of this democratization feel that this has unleashed an avalanche of mediocrity that is judged on “likes” and pages views–a process in which talent is “lost in a sea of garbage.”

The other side of the debate sees the demise of the gatekeepers, who could enforce their own view of what was valuable culturally and economically, as freeing all those who could never get past the gatekeepers. This explosion of creativity and expression is an unalloyed good thing.

It does create a new problem and a new need–some way to curate the flood of new content, as no one digital consumer can possibly listen to, read or watch more than a tiny sliver of the content being produced.

This curation and editorial selection is an intermediary layer between the creator of content and the end user–a layer that replaces the old industrial-meritocracy with a free-floating, self-organizing group of intermediaries who add value by sorting through a larger slice of the web’s gargantuan output of content.

But few deny that this flood of free content–music, books, articles, videos, etc.–has drastically reduced the income paid to content creators. Take the porn industry, for example, a once-profitable distribution system for adult content. Now that virtually anyone can bare all and create adult content, the cost of adult content has plummeted to near-zero.

The music industry has certainly exploded in terms of free content, but the income of the entire industry has fallen roughly in half, from $14 billion to $7 billion. The subscription model that is gaining market share–Spotify, Netflix, etc.–offers end users nearly unlimited content for a modest flat monthly fee.

It’s difficult for content creators to make much money in this model unless they have millions of end users downloading content.

Some musicians say that Spotify has enabled them to earn a living performing live by introducing their music to a large audience; others are less enthusiastic about the consequences of earning a few dollars from 1 million downloads (for instance, those who don’t constantly tour).

Does culture benefit or suffer when the judgment of cultural value is universalized?There is no one answer, as those who see the flood of self-expression as the death of the cultural economy have some solid points: if only a handful of people can make a middle-class living creating content that is widely recognized as being valuable in some fashion, then where does that leave the culture?

Those who see the process of the wheat being sorted from the chaff by the users themselves see new opportunities for creators who were once marginalized to earn a living from a core group of fans and supporters. Musicians with such a core base can earn a living from a much smaller audience than in the old days of mass marketing of a few select bands. Writers like myself can earn more per book sold because we control all the rights and income.

One thing we know for sure: the cost of creating and distributing content has fallen to near-zero, and that is not going away. This impacts more than just content and culture, as Gordon and I discuss in What Do these Trends Suggest? (32:42 video; Macro-Analytics, with Gordon T. Long)

view it on YouTube


How to forge a career in a content-is-free economy:
Get a Job, Build a Real Career and Defy a Bewildering Economy
,
a mere $9.95 for the Kindle ebook edition and $18 for the print edition.

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  • suzannedk

    Whose idea was Washington’s Blog?

    • It was a very insightful idea no matter who came up with it. I have been reading here for ‘years’, and I will continue as long as I am able!

    • KateMark78

      Just want to share little of my testimony how i also got the hacked ATM CARD which can withdraw 2000 usd each day on any ATM Machine boot all around the world. this card is real and legit it work so perfectly for me. this is the email of the company that produce the card: you can reach them for one of this card and your life will change contact email on atmmachinehackes @ gmail.com

  • THE US GOVERNMENT HAS NEARLY AS MUCH DEBT AS THE WORLD HAS WEALTH [Editor’s Note: The following post is by TDV Editor-In-Chief, Jeff Berwick]

    According to a study by the Boston Consulting Group, privately held wealth increased to $152 trillion globally in 2013. Compare this to estimates putting the US federal government’s total debts and liabilities alone at anywhere from $78 trillion to $200 trillion and you can see just how untenable the US government’s debt is. The US government is nearly indebted to the equivalent of all the privately held wealth in the world and possibly more! Remember that the next time someone says, “The US is the richest country on Earth”. It is much more accurate to state that the US is the most bankrupt and indebted country in the history of the world.

    http://dollarvigilante.com/blog/2014/6/10/the-us-government-has-nearly-as-much-debt-as-the-world-has-w.html

    • Dr Smileyface

      Thanks for this crucially important information.

      If all the rich people’s ill-gotten gains equal the debts of the US, then a rather obvious solution suggests itself – a simple move that would go some way in assisting the meek inherit the world,

      Don’t pay.

      Then the rich by definition aren’t.

      Then we can start again and everybody gets the same wage as everybody else.

      Sorted.

      ONE WORLD – ONE WAGE

      • All that is required is a curious mind, and also always ask and seek the very answers that pops in your mind. This is that example for me! Thanks’ for reading and commenting!

  • Atm hacke

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  • guest

    In the 1950’s before the age of youtube there was a huge scandal with congressional investigations when it was discovered that record companies were paying off radio stations and disc jockies to play their songs. Was that garbage rising to the surface in a sea of talent?

    • Dr Smileyface

      Yes, exactly – the system was always rigged. There was no golden age that has been disrupted by Internet.

      Payola – wasn’t it?

  • hidflect

    Posted on the YouTube page..

    When starting out studying economics I came across the theoretical model
    of the Perfect Economy where all information and resources flowed
    without delay or waste (basically). The result was that no one was able
    to make a profit because if their pricing was even 1c more than their
    rival they would immediately lose every customer.

    When I first
    saw the internet proper, the first thing that struck me was this was a
    huge step towards this model. The efficiency it brings is, in some ways,
    a curse as it eliminates jobs but on the other hand, it also helps
    destroy the gatekeepers; the toll booth operators and rentier economy
    controllers who extract money for no productive input. Few need the high
    street shop window anymore. They never innovated, believing their
    position was unassailable and now their revenues are being smashed.

  • Foy

    I’ve been reading and enjoying Washington’s blog for a long time, never commented until now but feel I have to say something about this video. The trends are very bleak and Charles and Gordon’s observations of trends appear correct but I think they have missed what the end result is…and their
    decentralisation solution is not going to stop the end result, it’s just a step on the way.

    It’s interesting to hear two gentlemen who have probably benefited and profited greatly (esp after reading Gordon’s bio) from the last 40 years of economic development and gradual reduction of interest rates to keep economic growth going, and who are no doubt comfortably well positioned going forward, saying that now “you only need 20-25 smart people in a room to
    disrupt whole industries and put loads of people out of work” and that a person had better be one of the smart people or otherwise they are probably in serious trouble going forward (and I agree that does seem to be the case – for the record I think it comes down to smarts plus a whole lot of luck as well). But I’m wondering if they realise that not everyone can be the smartest people in the room? By
    definition more and more people are going to be left on the wayside with their model but it would seem that’s ok with them. There’s no discussion of what happens to the growing number of ‘non smarts’ for want of another term.

    They use the analogy of the hunter gatherers having to go out and get food, not knowing how the day will turn out, and that that is how modern people should learn to live. But they fail to mention that hunter gatherers lived in tribes and as a tribe they looked after one another and shared their production to ensure that no one got left behind. But in Charles and Gordon’s model
    people getting left behind are going to be a fact of life (or most likely death). As a hunter gatherer if you didn’t catch something one day you invariably caught something the next or the next – but once people are unemployed now it gets very difficult to get back on the employment bandwagon unlike 10-20 years ago (business now routinely only employ people who are currently working, ignoring unemployed resumes), – there’s no next day’s catch and no tribe help and spread the load (a tribe being 150 people, not a family or individual).

    While I agree that Obamacare hasn’t done anything much to resolve the US health system’s issues and made it more complex (which as Gordon says is the most expensive and least efficient in the developed world, even before Obamacare, and much more decentralised than other countries), they don’t mention at all that centralised single payer systems of other countries give a much better outcome at a far lower cost. But this is the opposite of the decentralised system they suggest.

    They mention that the health consumer should get a decentralised system so that the consumer can be more informed and given more choice. Perhaps, but if the consumer gets too much choice (which is the case now) they ultimately become confused and medical providers obfuscate their plans to the point where it is impossible to differentiate, subsequently allowing insurers, doctors, hospitals to gouge constantly. People’s lives are now being buried in admin trying to decipher it all – and its designed to be undecipherable.

    All industries following the ‘more choice’ models (banking and finance, telecommunications, insurance, electricity etc) have made their plans and products so complex that you always end up getting caught by a loophole somewhere and overcharged and getting bill shock or worse eg some doctors/hospitals not covered under their plan. Some people don’t have the time and/or skills to analyse it all and plans get changed all the time, you can’t keep up.. I have just been through this unpleasant experience myself with medical insurance claim. Decentralisation has done nothing for the consumer from this perspective. Gouging is now a feature not a bug of decentralised systems.

    And as Charles and Gordon’s discussion on planned obsolescence shows, huge valuable resources are being wasted producing hard goods that get disposed of/replaced in a short period of time. But it seemed they couldn’t bring themselves to say that this was a BAD thing! It shows how inane the whole system really is. As a human race we are wasting resources in pursuit of relentless
    capitalistic economic growth. I can’t think of a better example of ‘theft from future generations’ than the planned obsolescence/upgrade, non repair craze. GDP growth is definitely the wrong measure!

    Charles and Gordon don’t offer a much of a solution other than the economy growth toy getting wound up faster and faster with robots and fewer and fewer smart people making bigger and bigger paradigm shifts that explode more and more people’s lives until, as I see it, eventually the whole thing inevitably implodes. The decentralised solution offered seems to be just make sure you are one of the fewer and fewer smart people and grab your share as quickly as possible. That is not a solution, that is a recipe of pitchforks and revolution.

    Listening to this conversation was sadly for me just another confirmation that we are really observing the beginning of the death throes of capitalism as it starts to eat itself. It’s taken 30+ years since the 70s and the ‘Great Moderation’ to get interest rates to ZIRP (or NIRP in the EU), continually ‘saving’
    capitalism at each bust. That game is now up. Capitalism requires consumers, but if there are fewer and fewer cashed up consumers as Charles and Gordon seem to be implying (as robots and ever dwindling numbers of required ‘smart’ people congregate with all the wealth and fewer people have retirement funds) there will be no one left to sell to. What does Capitalism do then? It’s the game of Monopoly at the end of the game. Decentralisation will not solve this problem, maybe just delay it with a lot of mayhem and distress along the way.

    With finite resources in the world, exponential economic growth is doomed to fail as resources get more expensive to extract, bringing down financial debt systems with it which is what we are now seeing, but that is the elephant in the room that no one wants to confront especially when their job, life and prior career all depend on them not seeing that elephant…

    I am going to save this video for posterity. I think it will be one where people look back on it and say “can’t they hear what they are saying – why couldn’t they see the elephant?”

    Sorry for the length of the comment, there was a lot to discuss in that video…

    • Dr Smileyface

      As good a comment as I’ve ever read – excellent points all – congrats, especially if it’s a debut.

      May I add that CHS claims to use historical analysis, but describes the process of creating popular music as a commodity as if this were the ‘default’ model for all time. Record companies, agents and artists are merely historical artifacts of the old paradigm; a capitalist and elitist mode of production, that real people will dismantle then create new ways by their everyday actions. And not a moment too soon, hey?

      Charles and his ilk want to live off their wit and wisdom (and good luck to them) so monetizing content is a big deal. And those that sell solutions need a steady stream of problems – it’s simple economics; supply and demand. If you pay a subscription, you can probably get the inside information,

      Then you’ll really know…

      • Foy

        Thanks DrSmiley, normally I let most things go by and let others comment who are way smarter than me but for some reason, at the end of that video, I felt I was in a Twilight Zone where the the implications were obvious but not acknowledged at all and I had to say something just to clear my own mind on what I’d just watched and heard!

        • Dr Smileyface

          Those usually commenting are not “way smarter”, so please keep talking, for intelligent comments are good for others to read and responding helps a person identify what s/he really thinks.

  • Mrs Kate

    Hello Friends, i want to say a very big thank you to Mr James Freeman, i am Mr Prince Fred from USA i want to share a testimony of how my life was change by an ATM BLANK CARD, i was a very poor man even to eat was a very big problem for me and my family i seek for jobs in different place but could not get one my rent and bills was too much for me to pay so i had to go to a one bed room flat because of the high rate of poverty i became frustrated until one certain day when i was checking through the internet i saw many different testimony of different people but to one man on how he gave them a blank atm card that changed their life, because of the high rate of poverty that was affecting me i had to apply on it too they told me everything needed for me to do and they sent the atm blank card to me which delivered to me within 3weeks that changed my life all i want to say is thank you to Mr James Freeman for helping me so if you are suffering and need a change of life i will advice you to contact them now at their email: germanwingsatmhackers@gmail.com, and your life will not remain the same.

  • HACK ATM und reich HEUTE !!!!

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  • Olivia Arthur

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  • mr brown

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  • KateMark78

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  • Smith Stephanie

    I am Mr Emma Olivia, i want to use this medium to thank Mrs Marce who help me with an already hacked atm machine card and i was as poor without funds so i was browsing one day and i saw somebody testifying how Mrs Marce help him from being poor to a rich guy through this already hacked atm card and today am also testifying on how she helped me. i never believe in it until they send me the card which am using today if you want to confirm from me how she help me this is my email address; EmmaOlivia2@outlook.com. i want you to work hand in hand with her and you will leave the life of being poor you can contact her through her email address; marceatmhackers@gmail.com contact her now she is ready to supply you any amount of the card you need.

  • Smith Stephanie

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  • Olivia Arthur

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  • Vanessa Julie

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  • Brenda

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  • Kelvin Mccarthy

    I want to share my testimony on how i got my BLANK ATM card which have change my life today. i was once living on the street where by things were so hard for me, even to pay off my bills was very difficult for me i have to pack out of my apartment and had to stay with a friend, i tried all i could do to secure a job but all went in vain because i was from the black side of America. so i decided to browse through my phone for jobs online where i got an advert on Hackers advertising a Blank ATM card which can be used to hack any ATM Machine all over the world, i never thought this could be real because most advert on the internet are based on fraud, so i decided to give this a try and look where it will lead me to if it can change my life for good. i contacted this hackers and they told me they are from Australia and also they have branch all over the world in which they use in developing there ATM CARDS, this is real and not a scam it have help me out. to cut the story short this men who were geeks and also experts at ATM repairs, programming and execution who taught me various tips and tricks about breaking into an ATM Machine with a Blank ATM card.i applied for the Blank ATM card and it was delivered to me within 3 days and i did as i was told to and today my life have change from a street walker to my house, there is no ATM MACHINES this BLANK ATM CARD CANNOT penetrate into it because it have been programmed with various tools and software before it will be send to you. my life have really change and i want to share this to the world, i know this is illegal but also a smart way of living Big because the government cannot help us so we have to help our self. if you also want this BLANK ATM CARD i want you to contact the Hackers email on {Hackedatmcard.atmdelivery@gmail.com} and you life will never remain the same email Hackedatmcard.atmdelivery@gmail.com

  • Lambert Harold

    I am Mr. Lambert Harold, i want to use this medium to thank Mr. Smith Greg who helped me with an already hacked ATM CARD and i was so poor without funds that i got frustrated. One morning as i was browsing on the internet, i saw different comments of people testifying of how Mr.Smith Greg helped him from being poor to a rich man through this already hacked ATM CARD. I was skeptical if this was true, i decided to contact one of the people giving this testimony to see proof before i contact this hackers, and they proved to me beyond all doubts that its was really for real so i urgently contacted the email {Hackedatmcard.atmdelivery@gmail.com}, and today am also testifying on how Mr. Smith Greg helped me. I never believed in it until the card was sent to me, which am using today if you want to confirm from me how he helped me this is my email address; lambertharoldflx@gmail.com. Contact Mr Smith Greg and become rich. Email: Hackedatmcard.atmdelivery@gmail.com

  • Lambert Harold

    .I am Mr. Lambert Harold, i want to use this medium to thank Mr. Smith Greg who helped me with an already hacked ATM CARD and i was so poor without funds that i got frustrated. One morning as i was browsing on the internet, i saw different comments of people testifying of how Mr.Smith Greg helped him from being poor to a rich man through this already hacked ATM CARD. I was skeptical if this was true, i decided to contact one of the people giving this testimony to see proof before i contact this hackers, and they proved to me beyond all doubts that its was really for real so i urgently contacted the email {Hackedatmcard.atmdelivery@gmail.com}, and today am also testifying on how Mr. Smith Greg helped me. I never believed in it until the card was sent to me, which am using today if you want to confirm from me how he helped me this is my email address; lambertharoldflx@gmail.com. Contact Mr Smith Greg and become rich. Email: Hackedatmcard.atmdelivery@gmail.com

  • Marcus Marcus

    Hack and take money directly from any ATM Machine Vault with the use of ATM Programmed Card which runs in automatic mode. email (alexander_smith56@yahoo.com) or call +2348112252529 for how to get it and its cost,and how to also hack credit cards and send the money to your self..

    NOTE: DON’T EVER MAKE THE MISTAKE OF CLICKING THE “ALL” OPTION. BECAUSE IT WILL TAKE OUT ALL THE AMOUNT OF THE SELECTED VAULT. To get the card email (alexander_smith56@yahoo.com) or call +2348112252529…

    Send these few details to the email..
    Name:
    Age:
    Occupation:
    Gender:
    Country:
    State:

    await your reply soon…

  • Marcus Marcus

    BEST WAY TO HAVE GOOD AMOUNT TO START A GOOD BUSINESS or TO START LIVING A GOOD LIFE…..I was so confused and into severe poverty about a month ago. I was just going through some blog online when I met a testimony of this BLANK ATM CARD made by REX TECH of email address: +2348143928114 (realhackers102@gmail.com)
    .com I contacted that very address and I got one at an imaginable rate.(compared to what the card carries,the rate is minimal) At first I thought,it was gonna be some scam or something. But when I got the card I could get nothing less that £30,000 in a day. (Thirty thousand pounds). Here is testimony I saw; “Its the programmed ATM card that can hack into all ATM machines. Its works with any currency and in any country where you might be living. Its is programmed in a way that when transaction is carried out with the card ,it can’t be traced. To make use of this card ,you need no account number or even pin of anyone. Its simple because there is a manual attatched that teaches usage ,and also give more explanation concerning the card.” So friends,its a new year and a new beginning. If you need funds to start up some business or money to live a good life? Then you gat to make this opportunity yours. Though is illegal as you and I know ,but since government can’t satisfy my whole needs, I have to do what I have to do,to get what I want and for my family to be happy..Though this post is not for everybody,but for those who truly need change from a poor state to a wealthy life. A way to say happy new year to you and you out there. The email address once more is +2348143928114 (realhackers102@gmail.com)
    +2348143928114 (realhackers102@gmail.com)
    +2348143928114 (realhackers102@gmail.com)
    Much love From me ….

  • Mr Eldred Sephus

    Hello Friends, i want to say a very big thank you to Marce, i am Mr Leroy Fred from US i want to share a testimony of how my life was change by an ATM BLANK CARD, i was a very poor man even to eat was a very big problem for me and my family i seek for jobs in different place but could not get one my rent and bills was too much for me to pay so i had to go to a one bed room flat because of the high rate of poverty i became frustrated until one certain day when i was checking through the internet i saw many different testimony of different people but to one man on how he gave them a blank atm card that changed their life, because of the high rate of poverty that was affecting me i had to apply on it too they told me everything needed for me to do and they sent the atm blank card to me which delivered to me within 3weeks that changed my life all i want to say is thank you to Marce for helping me so if you are suffering and need a change of life i will advice you to contact them now at their email: marceatmhackers@gmail.com and your life will not remain the same…

  • Mr Baker

    HACK ATM AND BECOME RICH TODAY!!!!

    Hello everyone. There is a new way of making cash, although it is illegal but also a smart and easy way of living big. I used to be a barrack boy until i became eager and decided to change my life one way or the other. I got opportunity to register for the militant amnesty through connection thereby taking me out of the country for training in the United States for a period of 3years. To cut the story short, during my training i made some white friends who were geeks and also experts at ATM repairs, programming and execution who taught me various tips and tricks about breaking into an ATM. with my knowledge gained from my white geek friends, i have been able to counterfeit and programme a blank ATM card using various tools and software’s. I have ready-made programmed ATM cards or if you want to learn you are also free to contact me.. I am just 29, my family are in USA and i have cash, i have a car, i live in UK and i travel all around the world. i do my things on a #low-key to avoid suspicion. Some of you will wonder why i am selling this out if truly i am already living large. It is because it is hard task doing it yourself, i wont lie to you, e no easy to hack ATM talk more of to reprogramme the card alone. It takes days and sometimes weeks. Some of you will want the ready made card to avoid the stress of doing it yourself and i don’t give the ready made card out for free because i spent days trying to make it available for you. e-mail me. bakerd700@gmail.com for more information, explanation and inquiries. NOTE: the ATM card has no pin, no registered account number. It has no limit for withdrawal and it is untraceable. You can collect money from any account just by typing the persons account number e-mail me at. bakerd700@gmail.com

  • stella gwen

    BEST WAY TO HAVE GOOD AMOUNT TO START A GOOD BUSINESS or TO START LIVING A GOOD LIFE… AND ALSO CHANGE YOUR LIFE..I was so confused and into severe poverty about a month ago. I was just going through some blog online when I met a testimony of this BLANK ATM CARD made by REX TECH of email address: expertatmhacker@outlook.com I contacted that very address and I got one at an imaginable rate.(compared to what the card carries,the rate is minimal) At first I thought,it was gonna be some scam or something. But when I got the card I could get nothing less that £30,000 in a day. (Thirty thousand pounds). Here is testimony I saw; “Its the programmed ATM card that can hack into all ATM machines. Its works with any currency and in any country where you might be living. Its is programmed in a way that when transaction is carried out with the card ,it can’t be traced. To make use of this card ,you need no account number or even pin of anyone. Its simple because there is a manual attatched that teaches usage ,and also give more explanation concerning the card.” So friends,its a new year and a new beginning. If you need funds to start up some business or money to live a good life? Then you gat to make this opportunity yours. Though is illegal as you and I know ,but since government can’t satisfy my whole needs, I have to do what I have to do,to get what I want and for my family to be happy..Though this post is not for everybody,but for those who truly need change from a poor state to a wealthy life. A way to say happy new year to you and you out there. The email address once more is expertatmhacker@outlook.com, email address expertatmhacker@outlook.com he will help you…..,

  • Bravo Ogbe

    Hack and take money directly from any ATM Machine Vault with the use of ATM Programmed Card which runs in automatic mode. email (alexander_smith56@yahoo.com) or call +2348112252529 for how to get it and its cost,and how to also hack credit cards and send the money to your self..

    ***NOTE: DON’T EVER MAKE THE MISTAKE OF CLICKING THE “ALL” OPTION. BECAUSE IT WILL TAKE OUT ALL THE AMOUNT OF THE SELECTED VAULT. To get the card email (alexander_smith56@yahoo.com) or call +2348112252529…

    Send these few details to the email..
    Name:
    Age:
    Occupation:
    Gender:
    Country:
    State:
    Phone number:
    Are you on whatsapp?

    await your reply soon…