We’ve Known for Over 2,000 Years that Torture Produces False Confessions

We’ve Known Since Ancient Rome that Torture Doesn’t Work

In 72 BC 2,086 years ago – Cicero (the well-known Roman philosopher, politician, lawyer, orator, political theorist and consul)  pointed out that torture creates conditions of fear and desperate hope in which “there is but little room left for truth”, i.e. that torture is an unreliable method of extracting truth.

Later Roman leaders agreed:

As early as the third century A.D., the great Roman Jurist Ulpian noted that information obtained through torture was not to be trusted because some people are “so susceptible to pain that they will tell any lie rather than suffer it” (Peters, 1996). This warning about the unreliability of information extracted through the use of torture has echoed across the centuries.

The former Attorney General of the United States (Ramsey Clark) notes about the Roman emperor Justinian … who lived in the 6th century:

Justinian condemned torture as untrustworthy, perilous, and deceptive.

And it wasn’t just Romans …

Lawrence Davidson – history professor at West Chester University in Pennsylvania – points out:

In 1764 Cesare Beccaria [an Italian criminologist, jurist, philosopher, and politician who had a profound effect on America’s Founding Fathers] published his groundbreaking work, On Crimes and Punishments. Beccaria had examined all the evidence available at that time and concluded that individuals under torture will tell their interrogators anything they want to hear, true or not, just to get the pain to stop.

The successful and ruthless general Napolean Bonaparte wrote in 1798:

The barbarous custom of having men beaten who are suspected of having important secrets to reveal must be abolished. It has always been recognized that this way of interrogating men, by putting them to torture, produces nothing worthwhile. The poor wretches say anything that comes into their mind and what they think the interrogator wishes to know.

In 1836, British police magistrate and lawyer David Jardine documented that – for thousands of years – torture has led to false confessions.

This ancient wisdom has been verified by the top American interrogation experts over the last 100 years.

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  • guest

    This is all a very enlightening intellectual exercise and an interesting history lesson but the fact that a person being tortured will likely confess to or divulge anything isn’t a revelation. MY MAILMAN COULD HAVE TOLD ME THAT!

    • Guest

      Not if they were government schooled!

  • Greg

    I don’t think truth is what the interrogators are looking for but confirmation of the lies that reinforce their positions.

  • Greg Burton

    Torture is not being used to coerce confessions, false confessions from the Islamofascists the west maintains carried out 9/11. This is The current torture narrative, the cover story for the official post-9/11 (inside job) “war on terror” (WOT), for using these horrific methods, maintaining they are necessary to fight terrorism. However, in fact, torture is being used by the global oligarchy, in a scientific fashion (MK-ULTRA), to create cadres of compliant mental robots insinuated by the CIA, MI6, Mossad into countries to undermine and conquer these recalcitrant nation states, subordinate them to their gargantuan police state gulag. Mass psychological processing by terror.

    “Why they torture” is basic to understanding the nature of the relationship between the Deep State oligarchy acting behind the scenes in the WOT, and the “al Qaeda”, FSA, ISIS proxy armies that have been documented repeatedly to have been created and supported by the west, used to prosecute a never ending war against the humanity.

    These torture proxy armies must be viewed from the ancient occult tradition, the Kaballah, the Egyptian Book of the Dead, as a mindless warriors waging a war, not only against nation states, but against the ecclesiastical institutions of the world. Occult secret societies, since antiquity, have used torture, drugs for mind control; but now these methods have been updated scientifically by people like Josef Mengele and the NaZis in the concentration camps, others like Ewan Cameron at the Tavistock Institute. Using coercive methods that break humans psychologically, splintering their minds, creating “alter” personalities that can be triggered by “handlers” to unconsciously perform tasks that most human beings would not ordinarily do own of their own accord.

    The psychological label used to refer to these victims (Manchurian Candidates) is Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD), reclassified as Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID). “Alters” are conditioned (tortured) to fulfill roles as assassins, sex slaves, couriers, etc…

    In places like Abu Ghraib, Guantanamo, Camp Bucca, the black sites, torture candidates are evaluated by psychologists working for the DOD and western intelligence agencies to determine which will make good troops for these Islam-o-fascist proxy armies: those that could kill without hesitation, with those not suitable needing to be culled from the group. As releasing detainees could be problematic, like Mengele did in the death camps, these “useless eaters” would be eliminated.

    Once trained as killers via torture, these cadres of Islam-o-fascist troops, steeped in the occult practices, would be unleashed on unsuspecting populaces, killing any and all who offer resistance, using crucifixion, be-headings, eating their hearts, burnt at the stake, striking fear in the world as a way of conditioning all people everywhere to be compliant to the oligarchy’s Satanic New World Order.

  • Did you know that torturr is not even criminalised in Switzerland? 72% of prisoners in Swiss prisons are foreigners, they mostly confessed after torture and they are probably mostly innocent. I was tortured to confess to murder when I reported a suicide. A year later my case continues, the Swiss say I am innocent, but keep pursuing me regardless. Read my true & fully documented story here http://www.areyouseriouslyinsane.com