Top Doctors: Ebola May Become Airborne … And May ALREADY Be Transmissible Via Aerosols

We CAN Stop the Ebola Epidemic … But ONLY If We Understand How It’s Spread

Michael T. Osterholm – director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy at the University of Minnesota – wrote in the New York Times last month:

Viruses like Ebola are notoriously sloppy in replicating, meaning the virus entering one person may be genetically different from the virus entering the next. The current Ebola virus’s hyper-evolution is unprecedented; there has been more human-to-human transmission in the past four months than most likely occurred in the last 500 to 1,000 years. Each new infection represents trillions of throws of the genetic dice.

If certain mutations occurred, it would mean that just breathing would put one at risk of contracting Ebola. Infections could spread quickly to every part of the globe, as the H1N1 influenza virus did in 2009, after its birth in Mexico.

Why are public officials afraid to discuss this? They don’t want to be accused of screaming “Fire!” in a crowded theater — as I’m sure some will accuse me of doing. But the risk is real, and until we consider it, the world will not be prepared to do what is necessary to end the epidemic.

In 2012, a team of Canadian researchers proved that Ebola Zaire, the same virus that is causing the West Africa outbreak, could be transmitted by the respiratory route from pigs to monkeys, both of whose lungs are very similar to those of humans. Richard Preston’s 1994 best seller “The Hot Zone” chronicled a 1989 outbreak of a different strain, Ebola Reston virus, among monkeys at a quarantine station near Washington. The virus was transmitted through breathing, and the outbreak ended only when all the monkeys were euthanized. We must consider that such transmissions could happen between humans, if the virus mutates.

The Guardian reports today:

There is a ‘nightmare’ chance that the Ebola virus could become airborne if the epidemic is not brought under control fast enough, the chief of the UN’s Ebola mission has warned.

Anthony Banbury, the Secretary General’s Special Representative, said that aid workers are racing against time to bring the epidemic under control, in case the Ebola virus mutates and becomes even harder to deal with.

 

Two Infectious Disease Experts Say Ebola In Its CURRENT Form Is ALREADY Spread By Aerosols

But perhaps most challenging to the mainstream assumption that Ebola can only be spread through physical contact with a person who is showing symptoms of infection is the following explanation by two national experts on infectious disease transmission, both professors in the School of Public Health, Division of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, at the University of Illinois at Chicago (footnotes omitted):

We believe there is scientific and epidemiologic evidence that Ebola virus has the potential to be transmitted via infectious aerosol particles both near and at a distance from infected patients, which means that healthcare workers should be wearing respirators, not facemasks. [Aerosols are liquids or small particles suspended in air. An example is sea spray:  seawater suspended in air bubbles, created by the force of the surf mixing water with air.]

The important points are that virus-laden bodily fluids may be aerosolized and inhaled while a person is in proximity to an infectious person and that a wide range of particle sizes can be inhaled and deposited throughout the respiratory tract.

***

Being at first skeptical that Ebola virus could be an aerosol-transmissible disease, we are now persuaded by a review of experimental and epidemiologic data that this might be an important feature of disease transmission, particularly in healthcare settings.

***

Many body fluids, such as vomit, diarrhea, blood, and saliva, are capable of creating inhalable aerosol particles in the immediate vicinity of an infected person. Cough was identified among some cases in a 1995 outbreak in Kikwit, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and coughs are known to emit viruses in respirable particles. The act of vomiting produces an aerosol and has been implicated in airborne transmission of gastrointestinal viruses. Regarding diarrhea, even when contained by toilets, toilet flushing emits a pathogen-laden aerosol that disperses in the air.

***

There is also some experimental evidence that Ebola and other filoviruses can be transmitted by the aerosol route. Jaax et alreported the unexpected death of two rhesus monkeys housed approximately 3 meters from monkeys infected with Ebola virus, concluding that respiratory or eye exposure to aerosols was the only possible explanation.

Zaire Ebola viruses have also been transmitted in the absence of direct contact among pigsand from pigs to non-human primates, which experienced lung involvement in infection. Persons with no known direct contact with Ebola virus disease patients or their bodily fluids have become infected.

***

Experimental studies have demonstrated that it is possible to infect non-human primates and other mammals with filovirus aerosols. [Ebola is a type of filovirus]

Altogether, these epidemiologic and experimental data offer enough evidence to suggest that Ebola and other filoviruses may be opportunistic with respect to aerosol transmission. That is, other routes of entry may be more important and probable, but, given the right conditions, it is possible that transmission could also occur via aerosols.

In other words, these two infectious disease experts believe that Ebola is already – in its current form – transmissible via aerosols.  They therefore urge all doctors and nurses working with Ebola patients to wear respirators.

(Other scientists have also said that Ebola can be transmitted by aerosol.  See, for example, this 1999 study in the Journal of Infectious Disease and this 2010 study in the Journal of Applied Microbiology.)

If they’re right, the government’s assumptions about and strategies towards Ebola are all wrong. At the very least – as the two experts quoted above urge – all frontline healthcare workers should wear respirators.  And it may be necessary to consider travel restrictions until the epidemic is contained.

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  • Incriminally Sane

    Transmissible via Aerosols? This may be an admission that they plan to spray this virus from the aerosol equipped airliners to infect entire populations across the planet. Death from above!

  • Voice of Reason

    More dangerous than the Aerosols are the soothing words of politicians assuring us that they have the situation under control and all is well. While the US spends trillions of dollars on wars and weapons for national defense to insure its “full spectrum dominance”, we have had Fukushima and now ebola. All you can do is sit back and laugh at the criminal insanity – until you die.

    • 1ofthe2witnesses

      Pretty much…

  • Tanya Stone

    HIV has been a pandemic for 30 years now, and no one is saying that it is going airborne. Lyme Disease has been around the same amount of time, and it’s not going airborne. Hepatits A, B, and C, ditto. Why do they think that this leopard can change its spots? The likelihood of a disease mutating like this on its own is, well, not. Why are public health officials, whose first job is NOT to scare the public, putting out these press releases?

    • kimyo

      when people hear the word ‘airborne’, they think ‘flu’. that’s not what’s being discussed here. the key issue is transmission via aerosols and the specific, critical focus is on healthcare workers.

      as the ‘facts on the ground’ strongly indicate that ebola can be spread if aerosolized, we must act to protect our healthcare workers. our hospitals will be useless if there is no staff. and that includes everyone from sanitation to labs.

      don’t forget that hundreds of medical professionals were infected while wearing the exact same type of protective gear as is in place at dallas presbyterian.

    • jadan

      It’s part of the job and a cya kind of thing to do when you don’t know all you’d like to know about the pathogen. I don’t think the authorities are trying to scare anyone. I think they are themselves scared shitless. Why do you think you know the nature of this leopard and its spots? Are you a pathologist, or are you just angry & frightened yourself?

    • Peter Roach

      It is the method of spread e.g projectile vomiting that is the problem. Then there is problem of contact with towels, toilet surfaces, etc than can be transmitter also.

  • hvaiallverden

    Hehe
    Scare porn, jupp, and to compare it with the swineflue isnt justifyable nor true.
    I knew it was a scam, the swineflue, when what, 10 people in China was affected of an population of 1.2 bill, yea thats fearmongering, and I knew it from the start, even before the vacsine hyterical yelling started.

    Ebola is quite different and more dangerous, this one dont help if you are healty or isnt in a high risk gruop, as elderly, sick and so on, as comon flue kills more people than anything else, but do not compare it with Ebola, it may be a hype, we can hope for it and pray for it to be a flash.
    If not.
    Well, we have to await, atleast a month, before we can say anything for certain, untill then, why gamble with a loade gunn.

    peace

  • Theon Lyreal

    So ebola can be stopped by euthenasing an entire contained partly-infected population without distinction. The alternative appears to be to allow the global spread of hundreds or thousands of different strains of an intractible perpetual pestilence. Life turns up these choices once in a while.

  • They have been pretty cavaliar up till now. Proceed with extreme caution should be the way to go. At this point it may be necessary to curtail air travel temporarily until they have accounted for all those who might have had contact with patient zero, and there are no new cases reported.

  • concerned citizen

    Governor Bobby Jindal from Louisiana makes a good point. The borders with confirmed Ebola virus outbreaks should be closed while CDC gets their facts straight and properly educates the American public on the truth about the disease, along with confirming that the disease has not spread. Then perhaps we could divert some of the billions of dollars we are spending on sending troops to the Middle East and use some of this money to send medical supplies and scientist to the source of the disease and work on eradicating the same. If terrorist were attempting to transport a deadly pathogen on an American airline, I am certain our decision making would be all together different. Protecting the American public is one of the basic principles of a our democratic society.

  • Jake

    …and our southern border remains open to all comers and the US remains the only western nation continuing to fly regular commercial schedules in and out of Western Africa hot zones under Obola’s WH orders. That’s why I fly with SW. They don’t fly into west Africa.

  • Nemen Tekel

    Prevention is better than cure.
    Since the main way to get infected Is via the mucous membrane in the lungs or nose/throat, all you need to do is create a sterile environment then all parasite activity will cease
    Ebola virus is not resilient and would be neutralized
    100% inert gas, for example Ar. Ne, pressurized into the lungs would probably be most effective combined with a nasally administered salt to sterilize the mucus membrane of the nose and throat, you just need to alkaline. Ketamine hydrochloride, or maybe even bicarbonate of soda will work, if administered nasally.
    With both techniques, instant pain relief, combined with a lucid feeling of consciousness will be experienced
    This is the effect of the parasite detatching itself from you, which is exactly the opposite feeling of the pain and delirium experienced if the disease were to be progressing
    i am only speculating this based on my research with the Swine flu virus which is 100 percent Airborne and was conducted way back, when the disease suddenly disappeared.
    in my opinion, with this technique, it would be difficult to be infected by airborne transmission of any disease.
    Even once the disease is inside of the respiratory system, it may be possible to neutralise the disease in the early stages, with the techniques that i have described, as long as it has not infiltrated the mucous membrane

    • gasman

      WTF are you talking about. ? What parasite activity? Ketamine? what? you will just induce anesthesia. I must be missing something.

      • Nemen Tekel

        It is also a pain killer and the new miracle cure to depression which means it also cures many neurological disorders
        http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/24565343

      • Nemen Tekel

        There are many different species of parasite which have adapted themselves to evolve alongside mankind and have enabled to remain undetected permanently inside the host by actually implanting itself to the host brain in order to remain undetectable by taking control of, or inhibiting certain functions of the brain, to render itself invisible to the human eye.
        So, thus parasite, which has still not been detected, also makes people get very angry when you try to help them, and they say the f word and want to attack me when I tell them how to get rid of it
        But is ignorance bliss? Not for me !
        http://m.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-29601086

  • Ryan Petrus

    “I don’t know about you guys, but I’m not going to sit around waiting for the inevitable to happen. I suggest we all prepare ourselves (and our families) for the worst. I know I am.
    http://ebolaviruspreparation.com”

  • 4TimesAYear

    Officials went from “not knowing” how it was transmitted to being 100%
    sure it was transmitted via direct contact while lab evidence
    shows it has spread via aerosols.

  • NYC Watcher

    In NYC, people are worried about the airbourne Ebola particles in the subway. Not Good. http://vimeo.com/70698335

  • Just remember that there is still no known case of human-human aerosolised spread of ebola.
    These articles are pubished by doctors (of philosophy) through the 3M (who make the respirators) funded Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy.
    Articles from this centre can be subject to editing by the 3M company who have a fiscal interest in selling more respirators. This may come at the expense of fairly informing and educating the community.

    [e.g. see acknowledgements in orginal article – http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2014/09/commentary-health-workers-need-optimal-respiratory-protection-ebola
    ]

  • 1ofthe2witnesses

    It appears the owners either want us all dying or dead…
    **********************************
    REUTERS – On Friday, Republicans in the U.S. House of Representatives took issue with a Pentagon policy that subjects troops to only 10 days of monitoring before they return home from the region. Pentagon officials told lawmakers that troops would still face 21 days of monitoring under current CDC guidelines once home while resuming their normal daily routines.http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/24/us-health-ebola-usa-quarantine-idUSKCN0ID28120141024

  • Johnny G.

    Assuming that this version of ebola cannot travel via air droplets is yet another example of the morons in charge screwing up AGAIN! Please get your s– t together ladies and gentlemen!!