NSA Is the ONLY Federal Agency Created By Secret Presidential Memo, Rather than Congressional Legislation

Congress Wasn’t Even Informed About It

Constitutional law expert Bruce Fein and well-known author and NSA expert James Bamford point out that the NSA is the only Federal agency which was created without Congressional authorization or debate.

Indeed, the NSA was created by President Truman in 1952 through a secret memo, and Congress was kept in the dark:

Correction: Matt Stoller notes that the FBI was not created by Congressional legislation either, pointing us to Wikipedia:

The Bureau of Investigation (BOI) was created on July 26, 1908, after Congress had adjourned for the summer. Attorney General Bonaparte, using Department of Justice expense funds, hired thirty-four people, including some veterans of the Secret Service, to work for a new investigative agency. Its first chief (the title is now known as director) was Stanley Finch. Bonaparte notified Congress of these actions in December, 1908.

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  • gozounlimited

    Another Federal Agency/Private Partnership Created By Secret Presidential Memo, Rather than Congressional Legislation

    Federal agencies identified 52 research activities, totaling about $100.9 million, relevant to geoengineering during fiscal years 2009 and 2010. GAO’s analysis found that 43 activities, totaling about $99 million, focused either on mitigation strategies or basic science. Most of the research focused on mitigation efforts, such as geological sequestration of CO2 (Chemtrails).

    Officials from interagency bodies coordinating federal responses to climate change indicated that their offices have not developed a coordinated strategy, and believe that, due to limited federal investment, it is premature to coordinate geoengineering activities. However, federal officials also noted that a large share of existing federal climate science research could be relevant to geoengineering.

    Agencies requested roughly $2 billion for such activities in fiscal year 2010. Without a coordinated federal strategy for geoengineering, it is difficult for agencies to determine the extent of relevant research, andpolicymakers may lack key information to inform subsequent decisions on
    geoengineering and existing climate science efforts. According to legalexperts and federal officials, the extent to which federal laws and international agreements apply to geoengineering is unclear.

    Don’t Worry…..Concast is in charge…….. http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-10-903

    • gozounlimited

      2014…… Pervasive, Drought Producing Geoengineering in the Pacific and over Cali by our corporate/government have set up conditions that favor El Niño in the Pacific. El Niño events are characterized by a warmer Pacific Ocean, which can lead to overall warmer temps across the globe and cause drought.

      Even though a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences predicts that the El Niño weather pattern will occur next year. In reality it’s not a locked
      in solution yet as we need to monitor the atmosphere for future westerly wind bursts to help push the Western Pacific Warm Pool along.

      While there is no definitive proof, El Niño has been linked to geoengineering, you can see chemtrail activity in real time on this map http://www.accuweather.com/en/us/national/satellite-wv?play=1 (orange depicts chemtrails). Obviously, the purpose of the geoengineering activity on this map is to create drought in Cali and the rest of the world.

      ”Penn State’s Michael Mann told USA Today, If the new El Niño study is correct, “we will likely see a new global temperature record in 2015, “Perhaps that will put to rest once and for all the silly notion, promoted by climate change contrarians, that climate change has

  • Pronto

    The goons that created the CIA may have needed a few congressional formalities, but we’re assuming the tail doesn’t wag the dog. Which it does. The American gestapo was created specifically to counter any pretense of representative Democracy after the end of World War II.

    • jadan

      The National Security Act of 1947 expressed the post war reality that was set in motion by the Manhattan Project, the first official cult of secrecy that became the template for the development of the state security apparatus justified by the Cold War, initiated by the executive, and rubber-stamped by the congress. Representative government and the national security state are incompatible.

  • Matt Stoller cites Wikipedia? C’mon man! Wiki cites a book published in 2012. How bout a primary source?

  • Jimmy Cogsdil

    I wonder what the presidential pen has created in secret sense then? Could be anything. . . .

    • K. Chris C.


  • Activism101

    The President has the power to do that but Congress has the power of the purse.

  • K. Chris C.

    “Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them…”

    Four Rs

    Rejection: Quit paying, quit obeying, quit playing

    Revolution: It is inevitable, so prepare, as they are.

    Retribution: Is there really any place for these sociopaths and criminals in a
    restored civil and Constitutional society?!

    Restoration: Restore the Constitutional republic.