The Next NSA Spying Shoe to Drop: “Pre-Crime” Artificial Intelligence

NSA Building Big Brother “Pre-Crime” Artificial Intelligence Program

NSA spying whistleblower Edward Snowden’s statements have been verified.    Reporter Glenn Greenwald has promised numerous additional disclosures from Snowden.

What other revelations are coming?

We reported in 2008:

A new article by investigative reporter Christopher Ketcham reveals, a governmental unit operating in secret and with no oversight whatsoever is gathering massive amounts of data on every American and running artificial intelligence software to predict each American’s behavior, including “what the target will do, where the target will go, who it will turn to for help”.

The same governmental unit is responsible for suspending the Constitution and implementing martial law in the event that anything is deemed by the White House in its sole discretion to constitute a threat to the United States. (this is formally known as implementing “Continuity of Government” plans). [Background here.]

As Ketcham’s article makes clear, these same folks and their predecessors have been been busy dreaming up plans to imprison countless “trouble-making” Americans without trial in case of any real or imagined emergency.  What kind of Americans? Ketcham describes it this way:

“Dissidents and activists of various stripes, political and tax protestors, lawyers and professors, publishers and journalists, gun owners, illegal aliens, foreign nationals, and a great many other harmless, average people.”

Do we want the same small group of folks who have the power to suspend the Constitution, implement martial law, and imprison normal citizens to also be gathering information on all Americans and running AI programs to be able to predict where American citizens will go for help and what they will do in case of an emergency? Don’t we want the government to — um, I don’t know — help us in case of an emergency?

Bear in mind that the Pentagon is also running an AI program to see how people will react to propaganda and to government-inflicted terror. The program is called Sentient World Simulation:

“U.S defense, intel and homeland security officials are constructing a parallel world, on a computer, which the agencies will use to test propaganda messages and military strategies.Called the Sentient World Simulation, the program uses AI routines based upon the psychological theories of Marty Seligman, among others. (Seligman introduced the theory of ‘learned helplessness’ in the 1960s, after shocking beagles until they cowered, urinating, on the bottom of their cages.)

Yank a country’s water supply. Stage a military coup. SWS will tell you what happens next.

The sim will feature an AR avatar for each person in the real world, based upon data collected about us from government records and the internet.”

The continuity of government folks’ AI program and the Pentagon’s AI program may or may not be linked, but they both indicate massive spying and artificial intelligence in order to manipulate the American public, to concentrate power, to take away the liberties and freedoms of average Americans, and — worst of all — to induce chaos in order to achieve these ends.

PBS Nova reported in 2009:

The National Security Agency (NSA) is developing a tool that George Orwell’s Thought Police might have found useful: an artificial intelligence system designed to gain insight into what people are thinking.

With the entire Internet and thousands of databases for a brain, the device will be able to respond almost instantaneously to complex questions posed by intelligence analysts. As more and more data is collected—through phone calls, credit card receipts, social networks like Facebook and MySpace, GPS tracks, cell phone geolocation, Internet searches, Amazon book purchases, even E-Z Pass toll records—it may one day be possible to know not just where people are and what they are doing, but what and how they think.

The system is so potentially intrusive that at least one researcher has quit, citing concerns over the dangers in placing such a powerful weapon in the hands of a top-secret agency with little accountability.

Known as Aquaint, which stands for “Advanced QUestion Answering for INTelligence” [which is run by the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA)], part of the new M Square Research Park in College Park, Maryland. A mammoth two million-square-foot, 128-acre complex, it is operated in collaboration with the University of Maryland. “Their budget is classified, but I understand it’s very well funded,” said Brian Darmody, the University of Maryland’s assistant vice president of research and economic development, referring to IARPA. “They’ll be in their own building here, and they’re going to grow. Their mission is expanding.”


In a 2004 pilot project, a mass of data was gathered from news stories taken from the New York Times, the AP news wire, and the English portion of the Chinese Xinhua news wire covering 1998 to 2000. Then, 13 U.S. military intelligence analysts searched the data and came up with a number of scenarios based on the material. Finally, using those scenarios, an NSA analyst developed 50 topics, and in each of those topics created a series of questions for Aquaint’s computerized brain to answer. “Will the Japanese use force to defend the Senkakus?” was one. “What types of disputes or conflict between the PLA [People’s Liberation Army] and Hong Kong residents have been reported?” was another. And “Who were the participants in this spy ring, and how are they related to each other?” was a third. Since then, the NSA has attempted to build both on the complexity of the system—more essay-like answers rather than yes or no—and on attacking greater volumes of data.

“The technology behaves like a robot, understanding and answering complex questions,” said a former Aquaint researcher. “Think of 2001: A Space Odyssey and the most memorable character, HAL 9000, having a conversation with David. We are essentially building this system. We are building HAL.” A naturalized U.S. citizen who received her Ph.D. from Columbia, the researcher worked on the program for several years but eventually left due to moral concerns. “The system can answer the question, ‘What does X think about Y?'” she said. “Working for the government is great, but I don’t like looking into other people’s secrets.

A supersmart search engine, capable of answering complex questions such as “What were the major issues in the last 10 presidential elections?” would be very useful for the public. But that same capability in the hands of an agency like the NSA—absolutely secret, often above the law, resistant to oversight, and with access to petabytes of private information about Americans—could be a privacy and civil liberties nightmare. “We must not forget that the ultimate goal is to transfer research results into operational use,” said Aquaint project leader John Prange, in charge of information exploitation for IARPA.

Once up and running, the database of old newspapers could quickly be expanded to include an inland sea of personal information scooped up by the agency’s warrantless data suction hoses. Unregulated, they could ask it to determine which Americans might likely pose a security risk—or have sympathies toward a particular cause, such as the antiwar movement, as was done during the 1960s and 1970s. The Aquaint robospy might then base its decision on the type of books a person purchased online, or chat room talk, or websites visited—or a similar combination of data. Such a system would have an enormous chilling effect on everyone’s everyday activities—what will the Aquaint computer think if I buy this book, or go to that website, or make this comment? Will I be suspected of being a terrorist or a spy or a subversive?

World Net Daily’s Aaron Klein reported earlier this month:

In February, the Sydney Morning Herald reported the Massachusetts-based multinational corporation, Raytheon – the world’s fifth largest defense contractor – had developed a “Google for Spies” operation.

Herald reporter Ryan Gallagher wrote that Raytheon had “secretly developed software capable of tracking people’s movements and predicting future behavior by mining data from social networking websites” like Facebook, Twitter, and Foursquare.

The software is called RIOT, or Rapid Information Overlay Technology.

Raytheon told the Herald it has not sold RIOT to any clients but admitted that, in 2010, it had shared the program’s software technology with the U.S. government as part of a “joint research and development effort … to help build a national security system capable of analyzing ‘trillions of entities’ from cyberspace.”

In April, RIOT was reportedly showcased at a U.S. government and industry national security conference for secretive, classified innovations, where it was listed under the category “big data – analytics, algorithms.”

Jay Stanley, senior policy analyst for the ACLU Speech, Privacy and Technology Project, argued …  that among the many problems with government large-scale analytics of social network information “is the prospect that government agencies will blunderingly use these techniques to tag, target and watchlist people coughed up by programs such as RIOT, or to target them for further invasions of privacy based on incorrect inferences.”

“The chilling effects of such activities,” he concluded, “while perhaps gradual, would be tremendous.”

Ginger McCall, attorney and director of the Electronic Privacy Information Center’s Open Government program, told NBC in February, “This sort of software allows the government to surveil everyone.

“It scoops up a bunch of information about totally innocent people. There seems to be no legitimate reason to get this, other than that they can.”

As for RIOT’s ability to help catch terrorists, McCall called it “a lot of white noise.”  [True … Big data doesn’t work to keep us safe.]

The London Guardian further obtained a four-minute video that shows how the RIOT software uses photographs on social networks. The images, sometimes containing latitude and longitude details, are “automatically embedded by smartphones within so-called ‘exif header data.’

RIOT pulls out this information, analyzing not only the photographs posted by individuals, but also the location where these images were taken,” the Guardian reported.
Such sweeping data collection and analysis to predict future activity may further explain some of what the government is doing with the phone records of millions of Verizon customers. [Background here.]


“In the increasingly popular language of network theory, individuals are “nodes,” and relationships and interactions form the “links” binding them together; by mapping those connections, network scientists try to expose patterns that might not otherwise be apparent,” reported the Times.  [Background here.]

In February 2006, more than a year after Obama was sworn as a U.S. senator, it was revealed the “supposedly defunct” Total Information Awareness data-mining and profiling program had been acquired by the NSA.

The Total Information Awareness program was first announced in 2002 as an early effort to mine large volumes of data for hidden connections.

Aaron Klein reported last week that Snowden might have worked at the NSA’s artificial intelligence unit at the University of Maryland:

Edward Snowden, the whistleblower behind the NSA surveillance revelations, told the London Guardian newspaper that he previously worked as a security guard for what the publication carefully described as “one of the agency’s covert facilities at the University of Maryland.”


Brian Ullmann, the university’s assistant vice president for marketing and communications, was asked for comment. He would not address the query, posed twice to his department by KleinOnline, about whether the NSA operates covert facilities in conjunction with the university.

Ullmann’s only comment was to affirm that Snowden was employed as a security guard at the university’s Center for the Advanced Study of Languages in 2005.

This is especially concerning given that the people who created the NSA spying program in the first place say that information gained through spying will be used to frame Americans that the government takes a dislike to.

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  • Honest Harry’s Used Cars

    The same anti-Malthusian rabble that thinks there are NOT too many people in the world, and who think government is where you turn to “help us in case of an emergency” are the ones who don’t think truncating their “freedoms” like privacy should be tolerated. Is that the side of the fence you are on? Is it? I don’t see it that way.

    Government is who you count on to lock-up a few of the criminals, and execute the rest.

    Take a good look around people. I for one am glad the government is doing this. The whole country is full of doped-up, hopped-up, fruit-looped, communist, public banking wierdos now. Every South American criminal who can buy a bus ticket is being encouraged to emigrate to the U.S. to vote Democratic in the next election with promises of welfare, ObamaPhones and a section 8 home. Most sane people lock their doors, draw their shades, and keep a firearm handy for a reason in this world we have today.

    If you want to address the surveillance problem as I see it, embrace it. It’s time to turn this whole spy contraption around on the U.S. government and make every single one of those political creeps who are voting for all the bank bailouts and the amnesty immigration programs accountable to the rest of mankind 24/7.

    • John

      The article above went right over your head. Ronald Reagan said “We don’t need the government to solve the problem, the government is the problem”. The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution based on the idea that no person or group of people can be trusted with too much authority, which has been confirmed repeatedly throughout history. Human beings have demonstrated throughout history that they are willing literally to do anything for money and power. The translation of the Orwellian “It’s a matter of national security” is, “it’s a matter of government security”, to cover up every criminal, corrupt, dishonest, treasonous and unconstitutional activity our government is doing, not to protect the population but to insure they stay in power. Many politicians on both sides have indicated in the recent past that they don’t like the Constitution. The two people who have repeatedly stood up for the people and the Constitution are Ron and Rand Paul, both of whom are pretty much ignored by Congress and the Corporate controlled media. Our government would have us believe that we need them to run everything, while the truth is if the government wasn’t controlling everything the economy would be thriving. The reason the whole country is full of doped-up, hopped-up, fruit looped, communist, public banking weirdos is because of the government and their entitlement programs which pander to socialist voters, which in turn keeps them in power. The Federal Reserve (not federal, a foreign bank) prints up the governments worthless monopoly money out of thin air which allows them to control everyone. They pander to the welfare crowd for power and blackmail the States threatening to cut off Federal funding if they refuse to follow any unconstitutional laws they pass. Do some research, get your head out of your Ostrich hole. The government isn’t your daddy, they’re milking us like a bunch of farm animals.

      • Honest Harry’s Used Cars

        All the pandering Libertarians have for the right half of the political rabble are a few half-baked populist ideas. The Libertarians are all for legalizing dope. In this sense they’re worse than the crowd in the White House right now. The crowd in there right now is legalizing dope slowly but surely, especially pharmaceutical dope that is all over America’s dope ridden streets. That crap is completely illegal in Canada. Did you know that? In the U.S. pharmaceutical dope is the dope of choice among American youths. There’s a great future in store for all of them!

        The Libertarians rationalize that it would somehow benefit society to legalize dope so some dope-head schmuck can head downtown every Friday night with enough legal dope in his pocket to get every at-risk youth in town stoned. Yeah, sure. That makes a hell of a lot of sense.

        I am for using the death penalty liberally to end the dope scourge. I’m talking about going after the Big Pharma employees that are selling dope and rewarding doctors to prescribe these addictive poisons.

        The Libertarians also want to legalize prostitution. Do the Libertarians really want venereal disease to run rampant? Do the Libertarians want to be able to tell your daughter, when she loses her job and files for unemployment insurance, that she must go down to the local brothel and get a job playing all the flutes in town? Sure. You Libertarians make me sick.

        Don’t give me this crap about Rand and Ron Paul. That father-son team is made of delusional would-be’s. They’re not leaders. They’re habitual whiners with half-baked ideas about how to run the country.

        The only way to fix our problems now, is to let it crash. Crash the whole damn world first though. That’s what is happening in China as the country’s population goes gold-crazy, just before gold prices drop off the table. It’s all been planned.

        The world is still crashing. Don’t fool yourself. The rational people left on the planet are actively working to crash the whole thing and let it burn to the ground.

        There is certainly very little left in the world worth saving. Too many whining welfare bastards have been born over the last fifty years to ever make it possible to feed them all and still keep the crap shoveled out of the streets.

        Do some research is right. Try reading a book or two every once in a while, instead of just reading blog sites where they shovel this inane Libertarian crap incessantly.

        • John

          The rational people left on the planet? Those aren’t the rational people, they’re the sociopathic control freaks that want to reduce the population by murdering them. They are also the ones that are pulling the strings that are running our one party system right now, not the Libertarian party. You’re going to have a problem with that idea, you’re on their list too. You should change your name to ‘Clueless Harry’s Used Cars’.

        • Libertarian for life

          Hey Harry, there’s more to the picture than your choice, plucked talking points. To have a valid argument you need to put out all the facts. Try again!

    • etls1

      Hey Harry,
      Do us all a favor by setting an example and offing yourself. Maybe all of your eugenicist brothers and sisters will see the light, follow suit, and help solve what you percieve to be the problem. The fact is that virtually every problem you rant about in your post was caused by too much government meddling, not overpopulation.

  • nveric

    Yes, the infamous “Continuity of Government” plans. As if the federal government were too important. That is the BIG JOKE American citizen, you are at the bottom folks!

    The American citizen is expendable!

    • Guest

      Hey Harry,
      If you are such a fan of Malthusian philosophy, why not set an example and start by ridding us of such “rabble” as yourself? Maybe all of your eugenics buddies will follow suit and help solve what you all percieve to be the problem. Virtually every problem you rant about in your post was caused by too much government, not overpopulation.

  • nveric

    Yes, the infamous “Continuity of Government” plans. As if the federal government were too important. That is the BIG JOKE American citizen, you are at the bottom folks!

    The American citizen is expendable!

  • Best way to kill a snake is to chop it’s head off. And preferably before it bites you.
    Expect Us…

  • johnson

    these government people obviously think of themselves as vampires, able to live forever and want to suck the life out of everyone else on this planet…
    How else could these events be explained? What happened to this planet…?
    Please, check this out, as it goes more in depth to the heart of the individual:

  • Johnson

    Well, Harry is partially correct. From a Malthusian principle, as well as from reality, this world is overpopulated by about 4-5 billion too many people. Just think about it: consumerism, materialism, species invasion, deforestation are all nil with a balanced species population across the earth. This earth is about sharing, not having 4 kids and people living to be old and feeble by using medicines. The government is a problem, the biggest in fact, but only because it has to keep an year on all of its cash cows so tat it can survive.