Monetary and credit reform: full-employment, end of debt slavery

This is my paper for The Center of Process Studies’ conference, Money-Creation in a Finite World (free and open to the public, April 10-12, 2012; Claremont Colleges, CA):

Money and credit as public services for full-employment, optimal infrastructure, ending debt slavery: Epic proponents, related history of US government and corporate media, partnership for Occupy victory

It’s divided into these 11 parts for articles (links added with each new section):

Monetary and credit reform: full-employment, end of debt slavery

Thomas Edison, Thomas Jefferson on monetary reform

President Andrew Jackson, Peter Cooper on monetary reform

NYC Mayor John Hylan, House Banking Committee Chairs on monetary reform

Benjamin Franklin, William Jennings Bryan on monetary reform

Charles Lindbergh Sr., 86% of Great Depression economists on monetary reform

What should the average citizen know about US War Crimes?

What should the average citizen know about US war history?

What is the leverage point for Occupy’s victory?

What does monetary and credit freedom look like?

My personal history of the 1% choosing to kill a million children each month

Summary:

Monetary and credit reform is a policy objective to end transfer of trillions of the “99%’s wealth to an oligarchic “1%.” The US banking collusion only and always co-exists within a larger oligarchy with government for legal protection, and media for public propaganda. This paper presents histories in monetary reform and US government crimes in war suppressed by today’s US corporate media’s history texts and news journalism. When the oligarchy’s voice is professionally exposed as obviously and egregiously lying in omission and commission in claims of central importance of the past and present, government and corporate media loses credibility in an “emperor has no clothes” transformation. Refutation of the oligarchy’s voice with objective and independently verifiable facts, especially in light of current War Crimes and Constitutional destruction, supports our policy goal for monetary and credit reform because the public will seek alternative voices to build a brighter future. To support our goal of upgraded economic policies, we should be open to synergy with ecological and resource-based economic models, and network with Occupy.

**********

Introduction:

“Look, if you think any American official is going to tell you the truth, then you’re stupid. Did you hear that? – Stupid.”                                                                                                 – Arthur Sylvester, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs, 1965, at a Vietnam press meeting as reported by: Hammond, William M. Reporting Vietnam: Media and Military at War, 1998.

The purpose of economic research is improved economic policies. With the Occupy Movement, the US “99%” have unprecedented opportunity to reclaim their monetary and credit systems from a Robber Baron-era created 1% oligarchy that includes accomplices in government and media. Importantly, monetary and credit manipulation is only possible with government to protect oligarchic policies and profits, and media to disinform the 99% from discovery that their wealth is being transferred to the oligarchy. Conversely, monetary and credit manipulation becomes impossible if government stood for policy that benefits 100% of humanity and rejected policy for the 1%’s profits, and/or media alerted the 99% that their wealth was being transferred to an oligarchy.

If Federal Reserve/fractional reserve credit is the 1% literally “making” money for profit and to pay for their protection, government is the 1%’s legal protection along with military to war-steal land and resources, and media propaganda is the 1% literally covering their assets.

An education breakthrough by the 99% in any of these three areas of banking, government, or media makes the other two areas easier to accomplish. Because monetary and credit reform might be the most difficult educational breakthrough, those of us competent in economic language might benefit from seeing and communicating the broader political and media conditions closer to the 99%’s existing understanding.

I teach Advanced Placement Economics, and regularly interact with 2,000+ AP teachers from around the world on our listserve. The consensus among AP Econ teachers is that the subject of how credit is created (what we use for money) is particularly challenging, even to our brightest students. AP teacher training includes the recommendation of teaching this topic with a physical demonstration or other teaching aid (I recommend Paul Grignon’s movie Money as Debt). It is the only curricular topic with such emphasis. Therefore, we might also find this topic particularly challenging to communicate to citizens.

One way to make this educational challenge easier is to prove mouthpieces of current monetary and credit policy, US government and corporate media, as lying in omission by ignoring credible monetary alternatives today and extending back in history, and lying in commission in central policy areas, such as current US War Crimes and a history of lying with US wars.

Importantly, “crime” is the game-changing proof that discredits the oligarchy’s voice. When “emperor has no clothes” obvious War Crimes are recognized, this triggers a significant population with Oaths to uphold US law to arrest the oligarchy’s “leadership.” Upon the 99%’s recognition that government and corporate media voices are literally War Criminals, we remove current economic policies’ voice and open public consideration to historic and current wisdom for monetary and credit reform.

History in any area helps give depth to present understanding. I’ll provide some; with monetary reform, and damning evidence of 160 years of US government and media lies in wars. Both areas of history are easily revealed with objective and independently verifiable facts. The facts easily prove a long history of US government and corporate media lies and crimes, with attempt today to cover-up those crimes with tragic-comic lies in history texts.

If we can demonstrate a long history of credible work for monetary and credit reform thwarted by political manipulation and then covered-up by media, then this historical wisdom is reclaimed for consideration in the present. In addition, if related government manipulations and media cover-ups (such as US wars for looting) can be demonstrated to have a long history, then the argument of a US oligarchy operating today to control our monetary system and credit might be recognized by the 99% as the 1%’s usual operating procedure.

That is, if our monetary and credit reform arguments can draw-upon as required that US government and corporate media tell obvious and game-changing lies to cover-up US Wars of Aggression from the 1846 war with Mexico up to today’s wars, then anything they claim regarding money and credit can be recognized as coming from the very same lying sacks of spin.

This opens a stronger listening for what we have to say about monetary and credit reform.

And after all, American adults seem to be attracted to well-told history. History (formerly The History Channel) is a top-rated television show. [1]

Destroying government and corporate media’s voice with history might be a point of access for us because last I checked there were no top-rated shows about economics.

Public recognition of government and corporate media as lying sacks of spin is at an unprecedented level. US corporate media is heavily concentrated in just six corporations. [2] Just as only one in five Americans report trust and satisfaction with their government  [3] (and here [4]), Americans also perceive corporate media disinformation and are rejecting their “reporting.” According to a 2007 poll by the Pew Research Center,[5] the majority of the American public see the US major media news organizations as politically biased, inaccurate, and uncaring. Among those who use the Internet, two-thirds report that major media news do not care about the people they report on, 59% say the news is inaccurate, 64% see bias, and 53% summarize their view on major media news as, “failing to stand up for America.” In their latest poll, [6] “just 29% of Americans say that news organizations generally get the facts straight, while 63% say that news stories are often inaccurate.”

June 2010 Rasmussen poll [7] found 66% of voters “angry” at the media, with 33% “very angry.” Rasmussen also found 70% “angry” at current federal government policies.

Indeed, an “emperor has no clothes” public recognition of US War Crimes past and present, and/or economic crimes of looting trillions of the 99%’s dollars, might relatively quickly lead to arrests of the criminal 1%’s leaders.

Because the purpose of our monetary and credit reform work is policy realization, Occupy is an obvious partnership. The histories of thwarted monetary reform, and government and media lying about US wars establish those voices as discredited. This places our arguments in a stronger light to be recognized by the merits of their facts.

That is, the 99% can conclude it unnecessary to suffer through obfuscating Federal Reserve “econo-speak” [8] when they understand related government and media voices should be rejected based on their proven lying past.

Please include these histories in your communication toolbox. Whenever they empower your work in monetary and credit reform as the right tools at the right time, please use them.

What is monetary and credit reform? 

Since the coup of the Federal Reserve, the US has had a national “debt system;” the Orwellian opposite of a monetary system. What we use for money is created as a debt, with the  consequence of unpayable and increasing aggregate debt.

Monetary reform creates debt-free money as a public service for the direct payment of public goods and services. This would replace the existing system of creating what we use for money out of debt; [9] both from the Federal Reserve issuing credit for US federal debt instruments charged to taxpayers with interest, and private banks issuing credit through fractional reserve lending.

Closely related is credit reform that replaces parasitic private bank credit with public credit.[10] This transfers interest payments from private profits to public service.

These accurate definitions, of course, require understanding of their benefits compared with the costs of our existing “debt system” in order to see and feel the trillions of dollars of importance.

What are the benefits of monetary and credit reform?

The benefits include paying the national debt, ending a national debt forever, issuing money and credit for full employment, and optimal infrastructure. The prima facie case of benefits should undergo professional multiple and independent cost-benefit analyses. The facts that a Federal Reserve-type debt-based system causes unpayable debt, unemployment, inflation, and decaying infrastructure [11] is relatively easy to demonstrate.

Debt begone: Monetary reform [12] pays the national debt of over $15 trillion dollars virtually without cost, and ends its gross $400 billion+ annual interest payments. This saves the ~100 million US households an average of ~$150,000 in total debt cost, with ~$4,000 gross annual interest cost. Another way to calculate the savings is to figure those amounts per $50,000 annual household income (for example, if your household earns $100,000/year, you save $300,000 in national debt costs and $8,000 every year in gross interest).

The way the national debt is paid nearly cost-free is to use government-created money to pay the debt securities as they are due instead of what is done today: never pay them and “roll them over” (re-issue the debt to existing owners or issue new debt to pay for redeemed debt instruments) while only paying the interest. What is done today is similar to only paying the interest on a credit card with ever-increasing debt total. The inflationary effect of paying the debt will be counteracted by simultaneously removing private banks’ fractional reserve authority proportional to the payments (increasing banks’ reserve requirements).

When government has authority to transparently create money, a national debt becomes a tragic-comic part of history. Trial and error will inform total money supply, with an option of removing money from the supply through some form of simple taxation. For example, if public credit issues mortgages at 2%, this form of taxation can pay for public goods and services with the ability to raise or lower the interest rate. Again, proposals such as these should be subject to professional and independent cost-benefit analyses.

Full employment, optimal infrastructure, falling prices: Government can become the employer of last resort for hard and soft infrastructure investment. This provides triple benefits for employment, the best infrastructure we can imagine, and falling overall prices to the extent infrastructure investment contributes more economic output relative to costs of inputs. History demonstrates [13] infrastructure investment does reduce overall prices in the current debt-funded model that typically adds ~50% of the projects’ nominal cost to its total cost. Monetary reform with infrastructure means the cost of debt-funding disappears, making this employment even more attractive.

Additional anticipated benefits are reductions of crime and other social costs related to human despair as people see and participate in creating a brighter future for all.

Other likely benefits: Banking and related industries are not the only cartels to be broken. Others include so-called “health insurance” and pharmaceuticals, energy, and war. Among the most stunning areas are the 99%’s trillions invested and recorded in various government agencies’ Comprehensive Annual Financial Reports (CAFRs). These areas will also release literally trillions into the US economy every year. An excerpt from How an economics teacher presents Occupy’s economic argument, victory: [14]

According to the US Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations report, [15] these financial oligarchs’ “trading” in non-wealth producing market derivatives increases the price of gasoline for all Americans somewhere from 33 to 60%. Market analysis in other commodities’ “trading” brings the total cost to American consumers of padded prices over $1 trillion every year. This is an incredible increase of prices to US households of ~$10,000 for every $50,000 of annual income!

… For an example to understand what this (CAFRs) means, the University of California system (UC) had a budget deficit that resulted in thousands of students denied enrollment, thousands of staff laid-off, a 32% tuition raise, and a 10% employee pay-cut with furloughs to reduce education days. The deficit could have been fully-funded withless than one-fifth of one percent [16] of California’s documented investments. And no, the amount required for retiree benefits is only one-half of one percent of the total; that’s the specious and usual “official” lie. The above link will walk you through those trillions, if this is of interest.

The cartels taking billions of our dollars are in many industries. Dr. Marcia Angell, former Editor in Chief of the New England Journal of Medicine and currently a Senior Lecturer at Harvard Medical School documents: [17]

“The combined profits for the ten drug companies in the Fortune 500 ($35.9 billion) were more than the profits for all the other 490 businesses put together ($33.7 billion).”

Importantly, “profit” is distinct from “research” in understanding these figures. This isprima facie evidence of unlawful collusion among a cartel, yet government doesn’t investigate. Dr. Angell concludes [18] that US government will never provide universal health care because both political parties’ “leadership” obeys health insurance companies’ lobbyists rather than legislate for the public good. The lack of health care kills about 45,000 Americans every year according to the recent study championed by Harvard’s Medical School. [19] Cost-benefit analyses range between $100 to $300 billion annual cost increase [20] to the US by keeping health care companies between doctors and patients. That is, Americans would collectively save $100 to $300 billion every year with universal health care, no insurance companies, and no administrative red tape.

Ecological and resource-based economies “occupying” our dreams: Monetary and credit reform might be short-lived reforms that bridge into a technological revolution for public goods and services so advanced that money and credit considerations become partially obsolete. Bucky Fuller, [21] a personal friend for the last two years of his life, predicted unleashed technology will create competition for part-time public service jobs of what constitutes most “work” today. The Venus Project [22] documents existing technology to free humanity from most “work” of the present in a resource-based economy. Both of these visions transcend current paradigms of money and credit. Both work in harmony with our environment and all Earth’s inhabitants.

The Zeitgeist film series features monetary reform and a resource-based economy with The Venus Project. They estimate over 200 million Internet views of their work (I recommend all their films; Ellen Brown consulted on the second movie). We should be aware of emerging opportunities to upgrade our policy interest in monetary and credit reform. For example, Occupy’s victory will remove energy cartel suppressions over multiple energy sources [23] that will change how we view economics and interact with nature.

How can Occupy help deliver monetary and credit reform? How can we help Occupy?

Occupy is our best opportunity to win monetary and credit reform; critical mass already are convinced something is fundamentally wrong with money, even if most individuals cannot articulate facts and solutions. We can empower Occupy with facts and solutions.

My specific contribution in this paper is to remove US government and corporate media’s voices from consideration because their provable lies kill millions, [24] harm billions, and loot trillions of the 99%’s dollars every year.

A fact the 99% understand is criminal financial fraud: a breach of fiduciary trust that causes monetary damages. Most people are ready to learn how “leadership” at the Federal Reserve, Treasury, banks,  finance, investments, politics, etc., are guilty of lies of omission and commission in transferring wealth from the 99% to the 1%. The time is now to outreach to Occupy participants.

If Occupy is successful in educating the 99% of massive “1%” crimes centering in war, money, and media, we’ll have opportunity for a policy platform.  

That said, while I encourage our good faith advocacy, we should prepare for policy development to have a life of its own.

That’s what democracy looks like.

***

footnotes:

1 The Columbus Dispatch. History network working to retain ratings success. Stelter, B. Dec. 22, 2011

2 Freepress. Ownership Chart: The Big Six.

3 Pew Research Center. Distrust, Discontent, Anger and Partisan Rancor: The People and Their Government. April 18, 2010

4 InfoWars. Dissatisfaction with Government Reaches All Time High. Watson, S. Sept. 26, 2011

5 Pew Research Center Publications. Internet news audience highly critical of news organizations. Aug. 9, 2007

6 Pew Research Center. Press accuracy rating hits two decade low. Sept. 13, 2009

7 Rasmussen Reports. 66% of voters are angry at the media. June 15, 2010

8 consider this translation: Video Rebel’s Blog: Bernanke Double Speak Translated. March 1, 2012

9 Herman, C. Debt-damned economics: learn monetary reform or kiss your assets goodbye. 1 of 2. Examiner.com. July 3, 2011

10 Public Banking Institute to explore for resources.

11 Herman, C. Occupy facts: Federal Reserve CAUSES unpayable debt, unemployment, inflation. Examiner.com. Nov. 1, 2011

12 Herman, C. Debt-damned economics: learn monetary reform or kiss your assets goodbye. 2 of 2. Examiner.com. July 3, 2011

13 Josheski, D. Infrastructure investment and GDP growth: a meta-regression analysis. Social Science Research Network. Sept. 1, 2008 (among many studies).

14 Herman, C. How an economics teacher presents Occupy’s economic argument, victory. Examiner.com. Jan. 30, 2012.

15 Herman, C. US Senate: Banksters the new Enron; manipulating markets to add trillions to consumer prices. Examiner.com. Nov. 18, 2009

16 Herman, C. CAFR: UC budget fully funded with one-fifth of one percent of state of CA “investments”. Examiner.com. May 24, 2010

17 Pharmaceutical industry cover-up revealed in New York Times. www.wanttoknow.info

18 Underwood, A. Questions for Dr. Marcia Angell. New York Times. Health. Aug. 12, 2009.

19 Harvard Gazette. New study finds 45,000 deaths annually linked to lack of health coverage. Harvard Science. Cecere, D. Sept. 17, 2009

20 Herman, C. Economic fascism: corporate-directed health care instead of physician-directed public option at cost. Examiner.com. March 13, 2010

21 Buckminster Fuller Institute for information. Archives stored at Stanford University.

The Venus Project: beyond politics poverty and war. Jacque Fresco creator.

23 Wanttoknow.info. New Energy Information Center.

24 this includes a million children a month from preventable poverty: Herman, C. 1% “leaders” allow a million children to die a month from preventable poverty. Examiner.com. Nov. 29, 2011

Note: Examiner.com has blocked public access to my articles on their site (and from other whistleblowers). Some links in my articles are therefore now blocked. If you’d like to search for those articles other sites may have republished, use words from the article title within the blocked link. Or, go to http://archive.org/web/, paste the expired link into the box, click “Browse history,” click onto the screenshots of that page for each time it was screen-shot and uploaded to webarchive. Then switch the expired URLs with webarchived ones of that same information. I’ll update as “hobby time” allows; including my earliest work from 2009 to 2011 (blocked author pages: here, here).

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  • windcatcher

    I’m with you brother and agree with everything you have pointed out. By all means move the ranks forward; you do not have to tell the population that they will have to fight a revolution to regain their democracy. The Fascist are quite mad you know and will blow up the whole world rather than acquiesce.

    Your last sentence: “If Occupy is successful in educating the 99% of massive “1%” crimes centering in war, money, and media, we’ll have opportunity for a policy platform.”

    Do not forget the suppression of technology that will out mode the use of oil and gas as energy. That is what this is all about; the banksters are only the wheel men for Big Oil.

    We need to free up innovation and development of new industry based on new inventions.

    Welcome to the wind energy revolution. That’s what I contribute with Low Pressure Turbine Dynamics and my model the Baker Wind Turbine and the new technology is free.

    Keep after the criminals, the battle has just begun, millions of Americans will die fighting to regain their freedom before this victory is won.

    • william

      OK, now if you can tell me how to find some decent wind in the southeastern US, that might help.

    • Nice work with the Baker Wind Turbine; I watched a video on YouTube. If you want to network with similar inventors, I suggest contacting Fred Burks at http://www.wanttoknow.info. Fred is a friend, and has contacts with energy-creation devices (see the “Energy” pull-down menu at the top of the site).

      We’ll see what develops with the 1%. I invite their “Scrooge conversions” and creative work to help 100% of humanity.

      • wlliam

        I looked at the Baker turbine video on youtube. Not much in the way of performance measures. It’s definitely low rotational velocity, so it will need a high ratio transmission to use any sort of standard generator, or alternator, which means high cost, and relatively low mechanical efficiency. On the other hand, to do direct work like water pumping, low speed, high torque is good. It would have been nice to have had some sort of output measurement. Something like X ftlb torque at Y rpm in a X mile per hour wind at A altitude, B temperature, C humidity. Pretty pictures are not enough, if you want to be taken seriously, you must measure things, and publish your results. I realize that lots of people think its not important to use math in your designs. The thing is, nature uses math in deciding how much power your device generates. No points for political correctness in the real universe.

        • windcatcher

          In reply to William: You nailed it concerning Low Pressure Turbine Dynamics- high torque, low rpm, 100% controllable, safe and quiet, more powerful, versatile and efficient than a propeller driven windmill.

          I am currently working on my 4’ in diameter magnetic generator that is direct drive and gives me a 38 to one ratio to the shaft. This means that at 20 rpm (8 mph) the generator is traveling fast enough to generate electricity with 50 lbs. of torque as measured with a dual Spring Prony brake.

          -At 30 rpm (about 12 mph) with 100 lbs of torque.
          -At 40 rpms (about 15 mph) with 150 lbs of torque.
          -At 60 rpms (about 20 mph) 220 lbs of torque.
          -At 60 mph the turbine is only turning 140 rpm!

          As far a being taken seriously, I find that people who understand the concept recognize the power when they see it operating. Other people do not have that ability; the only thing that they will believe is when the machine is producing electricity.

          Get this: Propeller driven wind mills are not economically viable. There are 14,000 of them abandoned in the US after running out of corporate welfare subsidy. How sweet it is for big oil, invest one dollar and get back $10- a real win-win situation. Their “Green Energy” propaganda pays off big time.

          Mean while in the real world, I have to scrounge hardscrabble and endure their slander attacks. When I do get into production, I sure as hell am not going to receive $1 per kilowatt hour for electricity that retails for 11 ½ cents, that is only for the corporate fat cats.

      • windcatcher

        In reply to Carl Herman: Thanks for the technology news link, nice consolidation of contemporary energy advancements.

        http://www.wanttoknow.info/newenergyinventionsnewsarticles

  • Seen

    The problem citing Venus Project and its ‘grass roots’ movement Zeitgeist is that resource-based economy amounts to land-use via environmental accounting via the UN promoted Sustainable Development aka Agenda 21 and neither promotes fiscal or monetary money flow because ‘Cybernation’ presently based in Brussels and according to research relays to HARRP enabling ‘Planned Opolis’, which is 1 of 4 models of the future. The Venus Project clearly states that maintenance of Cybernation is derived by ensuring the program of ‘Cyber Governance’ is running smoothly. The third largely ignored component of the movement is Transhumanism in which helps enable not only the Cyber governance to operate properly. Not to mention, the premise reargues the premise behind transfering portions of the labor force to automation to increase more leisure time; it’s been tried and deemed to work.
    If you cup these items together, you have:
    1). You conduct yourself in accordance to ‘Cybenation’. This is already setup and ready to be implemented.
    2). Automation again relieves labor participation to enable more leisure time. If you cup the pscyhological background of some deeply influential people and groups like the Fabian Society and Neo-Malthusians, it’s patently clear the two objectives here. Individual labor is obsolete to automation, and Neo-Malthusians and Fabian Society made it clear consumption surpassing production is considered ‘useless eaters’. By decoupling the labor participation and extending automation, it should be patently clear why these two shadow each other via environmental accounting for land use and resource-based economy via Cybernation enables monitoring.
    3). Central Banking/Central Planning is dangerous because it is at its core Collectivist relaying on the coericive force of governance to implement.

    In a symbolic sense, Venus was referred to being the light-barer of the stars and relates to the translation associated with Lucifer or otherwise illuminated or barer of the light associated to knowledge/wisdom/enlightenment. So, stripping the symbolism Venus Project becomes the
    Illuminated/Enlightened Project that also happens to be another model on par to ‘Planned Opolis’.

    It should also be pointed out that isn’t it rather odd that the Illuminated/Enlightenment Project rather mirrors Neo-Atlantis Project or the project to create a New Atlantis?

  • william

    If the Occupy movement were to be serious about monetary reform, they would support Ron Paul. Instead, in general, they champion some sort of idiotic centrally planned, government mediated, central bank financed fiasco, in the same vein as what was so successful in Greece. One in ten thousand of them know who Bastiat, Von Mises, Say, or Menger were, even fewer understand anything they wrote. The few that majored in economics have heard of Hayek, and Schumpeter, but have drunk the Koolaid, and believe that SOB Keynes, is the second coming. What they need is a brain reform.
    What they should be screaming for, is not further government intervention, which is always fashioned in one way or another to benefit the reviled 1%, but a return to the gold standard, and coined currency. That is the only way to protect the working class from the inflation tax. Let them have a market set, real positive interest rate on their savings, let them start a simple business without the burden of licensing by government, and let them keep their profits. All they should have to do, is to make their customers happy, and pay their workers, what they agreed to. Anything else shifts advantage to corporations, from sole proprietors. That is how you transfer wealth from the 1 to the 99%. No other method has ever worked, or ever will work.

  • olde reb

    Do you realize the Federal Reserve is raking in $25 BILLION in hidden profit EVERY WEEK ? That is how much the national debt increases every week. The government gives them a security (Treasury Bill, Bond, or Note) as collateral for every dollar of book entry money the Fed makes for the government. The government spends the book entry money and never pays back the loan.

    Since the “loan” is never repaid, the Fed can sell the security (actually it auctions them off with the assistance of the Treasury) and all of the bookkeeping is done by the Federal Reserve bank of New York—and those books have never been audited. If the money from the auction were given to the government, there would be no increase in the national debt and there would be no inflation in the economy. The Fed pockets the money as profit. And the Fed has been pulling off this scam for 100 years.

    Now do you know why the political collectivist opponents have so much campaign money from the New York bankers who secretly own the Fed and the Board of Governors ???? The law declares that all profit of the Fed belongs to the government and it is a crime to hide money from the government. Don’t you think the law should be enforced ??

    Ref. RIP OFF BY THE FEDERAL RESERVE, http://www.scribd.com/doc/49040689 .

  • Dan Lynch

    You would do well to learn MMT. Some of your ideas are compatible with MMT, others not.

    Fractional reserve banking is a myth. MMT explains this.

    Warren Mosler’s free online book is a good place to start. PDF here: http://moslereconomics.com/2009/12/10/7-deadly-innocent-frauds/